Linkedin TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Mel Morrishttps://www.tcu360.com/author/mel-morris/ World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution TCU 360 archives ReddIt Twitter Linkedin What we’re reading: Buttigieg drops out of the race and COVID-19 continues to spread in the US Welcome TCU Class of 2025 Previous articleWhat we’re reading: Pelosi announces impeachment inquiry against President TrumpNext articleHoroscope: September 24, 2019 Mel Morris RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR printA Froggie Five-0 driver at the intersection on University Drive. Photo by TCU 360 staff. Froggie Five-0 will add two new carts to its line up next month after complaints from drivers about the carts’ condition, Assistant Vice Chancellor of Public Safety Adrian Andrews said.“The older carts had gotten to the point that they were always being repaired,” Andrews said. “We wanted to make sure that our young people have the best transportation that they need.”The new carts will look exactly the same but will ride smoother, Andrews said.The Froggie carts are in poor condition because drivers drive off curbs and crack the axles and do not take care of maintenance, Andrews said. All Froggie Five-0 drivers escort students in golf carts. Andrews said that new carts are purchased every four to five years due to this typical wear and tear.“Some of them break down so much that they’re in the shop more than they’re being used, so it’s about time,” said Kenny Houston, the head supervisor of Froggie Five-0. The current Froggie Five-0 drivers receive specific training about maintenance and safety rules at the beginning of each year, which is a new policy. This will eliminate unnecessary servicing of the vehicles and give the carts a longer shelf life.Two of the nine previous carts will be retired before the new ones are added, Andrews said. “We will probably have the new ones for about four to five years and we will try to maintain them and keep them in great shape before we turn those in,” Andrews said.Houston said he was delighted about the addition of new carts.“The riders will probably enjoy the new ones more because they will be quieter and probably not as bumpy as the old ones,” Houston said.Phil Olson, an accounting graduate student, complained that the current carts “are very loud and annoying.”Andrews said the older Froggie carts had a slower acceleration rate due to their long-time use. The addition of new carts will allow for faster response times and be more pleasant for all parties involved. Blythe Bonan, a senior communication major, said the carts were inefficient and bumpy. The cart she was on was so rough that she was bumped off.“I did fall off of a cart one time, and they are pretty slow,” Bonan said.Andrews also said that an influx in the number of students has led to more escort requests and the need for new carts. The new carts will be delivered within the next couple of months. Mel Morrishttps://www.tcu360.com/author/mel-morris/ Will you be my quarantine? Mel Morrishttps://www.tcu360.com/author/mel-morris/ TCU to host a mental health panel Facebook Facebook National Finals Rodeo heads to Globe Life Field this December Mel Morrishttps://www.tcu360.com/author/mel-morris/ + posts ReddIt Mel Morris Twitter
Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Previous: The Applicability of Contempt Sanctions in Bankruptcy Next: Addressing Race in Home Inventory and Rental Policies January 20, 2020 972 Views Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / The Ties Between ‘Global Uncertainty’ and Housing Trends The Ties Between ‘Global Uncertainty’ and Housing Trends The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Print This Post Mike Albanese is a reporter for DS News and MReport. He is a University of Alabama graduate with a degree in journalism and a minor in communications. He has worked for publications—both print and online—covering numerous beats. A Connecticut native, Albanese currently resides in Lewisville. Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Share Save About Author: Mike Albanese housing market 2020 trade wars treasury yields 2020-01-20 Mike Albanese Sign up for DS News Daily fcd1aa2d-5b26-4754-ab6b-8342360620f8Analysis from First American Financial Corporation says global uncertainty—such as the conflict between the U.S. and Iran—impacts not only geopolitical relations but also the U.S. housing market. “When global investors sense increased uncertainty, there is a ‘flight to safety’ in U.S. Treasury bonds, which causes their price to go up, and their yield to go down—U.S. homebuyers benefit from this dynamic,” said Mark Fleming, Chief Economist at First American. Fleming said the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage follows the 10-year Treasury bond. Since the end of the recession, the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage remained 1.7 percentage points higher than the 10-year Treasury yield. He added that if this trend continues, and the 10-year Treasury yield dips to 1.5% due to uncertainty and a global “flight to safety,” then the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage could fall as low as 3.2%. “The 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage fell to its lowest level in a month in response to the decline in the 10-year treasury yield on the morning after the U.S. airstrike in Iran,” Fleming said. First American reported that the second-largest shift in the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage since the end of the Great Recession occurred following the 2016 Presidential election. Mortgage rates increased to 3.94% from 3.57% the week after the election. A few months earlier, the U.S. Treasury bond yield declined by 0.29 percentage points and mortgage rates fell 0.29 percentage points in the weeks that followed the “Brexit” vote in June 2016. “More recently, the decline in mortgage rates since the beginning of 2019 has been partly due to uncertainty around the outcome of U.S.-China trade relations, including the largest single-week decline in the mortgage rate (0.22 percentage points) since the end of the Great Recession in March 2019,” Fleming said. First American’s Real House Price Index from October 2018 found that the 10-year Treasury yield was 1.7% and the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage was 3.7%. With an average national household income of nearly $66,400, consumer house-buying power, the combination of one’s income, and the prevailing mortgage rate was $418,000.Fleming said that even a small change in the 10-year Treasury yield—even a small drop of 1.6%—would bring a mortgage rate of 3.3%. “Assuming no change in household income, that would mean a house-buying power gain of $21,000, a five percent increase. Amid uncertainty, the house-buying power of U.S. consumers can benefit significantly,” he said. Related Articles in Daily Dose, Featured, Market Studies, News Tagged with: housing market 2020 trade wars treasury yields Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Subscribe
WhatsApp Google+ Pinterest Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Community Enhancement Programme open for applications News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Previous articleFairyhouse win for Conor OrrNext article49 Garda members self-isolating in Donegal due to Covid-19 News Highland Facebook Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Google+ WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Homepage BannerNews Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Twitter Burst pipe causes water outage in Inishowen Facebook Pinterest A number of homes and businesses are without water this afternoon in Inishowen due to a burst water main.Irish Water say repairs may cause supply disruptions to Mullaney and Bohillion in Burt and surrounding areas.Works have an estimated completion time of 8 o clock tonight.Irish Water have recommend that you allow 2-3 hours after the estimated restoration time for your supply to fully return.Local Councillor Paul Canning has asked those in the area that can preserve water, to do so. By News Highland – January 17, 2021
Back problems have a nasty tendency to become chronic and the outcome isheavily dependent on the attitude of the patient and the healthcareprofessional. Unhelpful beliefs must be challenged and individuals involved intheir own recovery programme, by Dr Grahame Brown Disability attributable to back pain in people of working age is one of themost spectacular failures of modern health care in the industrialised world.Its greatest impact is on the lives and families of those affected. However, italso has a major effect on industry through absenteeism and avoidable costs, onsocial security costs and on pension schemes. This article looks at ways inwhich health care professionals can reduce the risk of adding to this massivepersonal, social and economic burden when individuals present with thecomplaint of back pain. All healthcare professionals involved in managing people with back pain mustbe familiar with a paradigm shift in thinking about this problem with thepublication of Waddell’s The Back Pain Revolution.1 However, attitudes, beliefsand behaviour must change in healthcare professionals as well as patients, andfrequently it is the former who are more resistant to change. A recent evidence review from the Faculty of Occupational Medicine, London2highlights our current state of knowledge and makes recommendations that areessential reading for any OH professional. It is clear that attempts over the past few decades (supported bylegislation) to prevent back pain occurring in the workplace (primaryprevention) have been unsuccessful. These methods have been largely based onthe injury model of back pain (for example, manual-handling training) andconcentrate on the orthodox, disease model of medicine. The only evidence todate that activity in the workplace aimed at primary prevention has had anyeffect on outcomes that matter to individuals and employers is the promulgationof information that challenges attitudes and beliefs based on acognitive-behavioural model.3-5 At present, these methods, and secondary andtertiary prevention strategies, provide the most effective means of reducingthe risk of costly chronicity and disability. Treatment aims The goals are to prevent disability and chronicity developing. OccupationalHealth professionals are in an ideal position to see workers who are havingdifficulty with back pain early in the course of events and to influencepositively the outcome. The first consultation a person troubled by back pain has with a health careprofessional is probably the most important. It will either set that person onthe road to recovery and restoration of function or, as happens all too often,it will precipitate despair, depression and disability. So, at this importantstage, it is helpful for the health care professional to have in mind a fewimportant facts and questions: – The complaint of back pain affects everyone at some time, with 90 per centof us experiencing significant interference with daily activities for at least48 hours at some time in our lives. And 40 per cent will experience recurringproblems with our backs – Psychosocial factors may operate at different stages in the developmentand perpetuation of low back pain. These factors may have precipitated thefirst consultation for the complaint. Often, unfortunately, causation iswrongly attributed to what the person was physically doing when firstcomplaining of symptoms. It is important to know the risk factors forchronicity and disability – Make an initial assessment of the clinical problem: Is it ‘simple back pain’,nerve root pain or is there possible serious pathology? If there are anysymptoms that give cause for alarm, for example, age of onset less than 20 orgreater than 55 years, or the presence of constant progressive pain, thepatient should be referred promptly to a surgeon. Referring a patient willensure laboratory tests, including full blood count, sedimentation rate andbiochemistry screen are performed to rule out occult pathology – Ask yourself the question: “What can I do right now to reduce the riskof this person becoming disabled or a chronic sufferer?” Most often thiswill not involve skilled physical treatments but will be achieved by reducinganxiety and emotional arousal, challenging unhelpful attitudes and beliefs,providing positive information and involving individuals in their own recoveryprogramme. Giving the person a copy of The Back Book4 to read is likely to bevery effective The interview with the patient is vitally important. Remember threefunctions of the medical interview: – Establish rapport: Greet the patient warmly and by name. Listen activelyand reflectively. Detect and respond to emotional cues – Collect data: Do not interrupt the patient. Use open questions first andcollect accurate information with closed questions later. Elicit patient’sexplanatory model. Develop a shared understanding – Negotiate and agree a management plan. Provide information. Usereassurance appropriately. Make links. Negotiate behaviour change An interview conducted in this way can be very therapeutic in itself. Thisperson-centred (as compared with a purely disease-based) approach improvesoutcomes that matter to patients, shortens follow up and reduces unnecessaryinvestigations. Physical treatments OH departments do not normally provide physical treatment services, but someuse in-house physiotherapists, or osteopaths. It is important to target thisservice where it is most likely to be effective for the patient andeconomically viable for the organisation. For example, after 12 weeks’ sickness absence, figures show that 25 per centof workers with low back pain will never return and this figure increases to 50per cent by 26 weeks off. When the goal is to reduce long-term sickness absence, it therefore appearsthat the group of workers to whom available resources are best targeted arethose who are off work for between four and 12 weeks. Interventions provided tothose who are at work but struggling are arguably no less important to helpthem remain functioning. Those at work and coping with nuisance symptoms notinterfering with their ability to work are a low priority. Some form ofpriority has to be given when resources are insufficient to meet demand. Whatever the course of treatment for low back pain, or any other regionalpain problem, it is worth remembering that if it is not beginning to make anyuseful difference to the patient, as shown by improved function, by, at themost, six treatments, it is not working. Reassess, review the obstacles torecovery and do something different. Prolonging ineffective treatments is verydamaging to the psychological well-being of the patient. Much can be done and begins at the first consultation. Some important pointsare: – Encourage a return to work as soon as possible; there is no need to waituntil all the pain has gone – Make a return to normal work the goal: this reinforces the belief in thepatient that normality can be achieved. It also, and vitally, reducesfear-avoidance beliefs and behaviour – Use a fixed period for return to work, with a gradual increase in activityand responsibility to help achieve a return to normal activities. This must betime-limited, with goals set and reviews arranged. Some form of temporaryrestrictions may be helpful, but must be time-limited. It is a mistake to allowrestrictions to depend on ‘how the patient feels’: this encourages pain andillness behaviour and only creates more problems in the future, which are evenmore difficult to solve – Use treatments that facilitate active rehabilitation and that do notinterfere with it – Consider short spells in functional restoration programmes for those whohave demonstrated a commitment to work hard to improve their functionalcapacity, but are having difficulty. These excellent (but expensive) programmesshould not be used, however, in the hope that they can magically motivate aperson who has learned helplessness, is depressed, is focused on compensationissues of whatever nature or who has no belief that their quality of life oroccupational status can be improved – Support and encourage the person through the difficulties and setbacksthat will inevitably occur. OH professionals are in an ideal position to dothis – Consider redeployment or severance only when all reasonable attempts havebeen made to rehabilitate to normal work. Healthcare professionals not trainedin OH frequently advise patients, who mention during a consultation that theyare experiencing difficulties at work with back pain, to give up or findalternative work. The consequences are not discussed and are often devastatingto the individual, especially those with limited transferable skills – Liaise with all health care professionals involved in the case. Beprepared to take a lead in case management. Seek other opinions if you believe thepatient will benefit Summary The causes of low back pain are multifactoral, and management is multimodal.Psychosocial factors strongly influence presentation and outcome at all stagesand are no less important, even in the presence of clearly identifiable spinalpathology. These psychosocial factors, particularly, are amenable to intervention inthe occupational setting. Excellent communication and consulting skills must bea goal for all healthcare professionals. Learning the skills of brief, solution-focusedcounselling will improve your outcomes and job satisfaction. References 1. Waddell G (1998) The Back Pain Revolution. Churchill Livingstone, London 2. Occupational Health Guidelines for the Management of Low Back Pain atWork: Evidence review and recommendations. (2000) Faculty of OccupationalMedicine, London. 3. Buchbinder R, Jolley D, Wyatt M (2001) Population-based intervention tochange back pain beliefs and disability: Three part evaluation. BMJ,322:1516-1520. 4. Symonds TL, Burton AK, Tillotson KM, Main CJ (1995) Absence resultingfrom low back trouble can be reduced by psychosocial interventions at theworkplace. Spine, 20: 2738-2745. 5. Roland M, Waddell G, Moffett JK, Burton AK, Main CJ, Cantrell E, (1997)The Back Book. The Stationary Office, Norwich. Further information Musculoskeletal (orthopaedic) physicians: The British Institute of Musculoskeletal Medicine, 34 The Avenue, Watford,Herts, WD17 4AH 01923 220999, www.bimm.org.ukPhysiotherapists and doctors The Society of Orthopaedic Medicine, 6 Court View Close, Lower Almondsbury,Bristol, BS32 4DW 01454 610255, www.soc-ortho-med.orgWorkshops, seminars and courses on brief, solution-focused effectivecounselling and communication skills: suitable for all healthcareprofessionals: MindFields College, Church Farm, Chalvington, East Sussex, BN27 3TD 01323 811440 www.mindfields.org.uk/humangivensDr Grahame Brown BSc MRCGP DipSportsMed AFOM HGdip FFSEM(RCSI)is amusculoskeletal (orthopaedic) and sports physician and specialist inoccupational and psychological medicine at the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital NHSTrust, Birmingham. He is hon. senior clinical lecturer at The Institute of OccupationalHealth, the University of Birmingham, and consultant to the occupational healthteam at Land Rover vehicles and to a number of professional sports teams andmusicians. He integrates a variety of orthodox and selected complementary treatmentsand therapies into patient management. [email protected] 1: Psychosocial key points– Psychological factors have aconsiderable influence on pain and disability, and a stronger influence onoutcome than biomedical factors– The shift from medical to bio-psychosocial models of illnesshighlights the major importance of psychological factors– Important factors are distress, beliefs and attitudes, painbehaviour and pain-coping strategies– Psychological factors in response to acute pain arepredictive of chronic incapacity– There needs to be a redirection from investigations into thenature of pain towards obstacles to recovery– Distress at and confusion about previous treatments have apowerful influence on a patient’s reaction to pain and disability– There is an urgent need to develop the integration ofpsychological perspectives into the clinical practice of all health careprofessionals– Better management of psychological reactions at early stagesof treatment has the potential to reduce distress and prevent unnecessarychronicityBox 2: Psychosocial warning signsAttitudes and beliefs about pain– Pain is always harmful– Pain must be abolished before return to activity– Catastrophising, ie, thinking the worst, misinterpretingbodily symptoms– Belief that pain is uncontrollable– Passive attitude to rehabilitationBehaviours– Withdrawal from normal activities, substituted withnon-productive time – Poor compliance with exercise. All-or-nothing approach toexercise– Reliance on aids or appliances– Substance abuse, especially smoking and alcoholEmotion– Fear of pain– Depression– Anxiety, irritability, distress, post-traumatic stress– Fear of moving (kinaesiophobia)– Learned helplessness and hopelessness– Anger– All of the above are states of high emotional arousal andwill manifest with sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment (typicallyblack-or-white, all-or-nothing thinking patterns) and physiological symptomsDiagnosis and treatment – Health professionals sanctioning disability– Conflicting opinions and advice, accepting opinions as fact– Behaviour of health professionals, dependency on treatments,over-controlling therapists– Prolonged courses of passive treatments that clearly are notworking– Advice to give up work– Over-reliance on investigations, dramatisation and medicallabelling: ‘arthritis in the spine’, ‘crushed discs’, ‘trapped nerves’, ‘giveup work or you will end up in a wheelchair’Family– Over-protective partner, emphasising fear avoidance andcatastrophising– Solicitous behaviour from spouse– Socially punitive responses from spouse, eg, ignoring– Lack of support– Cultural beliefs and behavioursCompensation issues– Lack of incentive to return to work– History of claims for other health problems– Disputes over eligibility – “How can you get better ifyou have to prove you are ill?”– Persistent focus on ‘diagnosis’ and cause rather restorationof function and health– Ill health retirement benefit issues– Previous experience of ineffective case managementWork– Poor job satisfaction, feels unsupported, frequent job changes– Poor relationship with managers, supervisors, co-workers– Belief that work is harmful– Minimal availability of selected or alternative duties, or agraduated return to work, “Don’t come back until you are totally better”– Low socio-economic status– Job involves significant biomechanical demands– Stress at work: eg, relationships, perceptions, bullyingCase historyAlison, a 50-year old lady, had beenpresenting to health care professionals with back pain and a variety ofdisturbed sensations for the best part of two years. She had had some troublewith her back for many years, but was feeling much more pain now and the painwas gradually getting worse. She was starting to take off a significant amount of time fromher job as a secretary in a large organisation. Spells of absence up to fourweeks at a time were accumulating, totalling 11 weeks during the previous year.She had no symptoms of serious pathology and no nerve rootpain. She had gained weight in the past year. Various courses of physiotherapyhad failed to make any difference to the pain or disability, and blood tests,including thyroid function, arranged by her GP, were negative. The GP did notknow what to do next and asked for an opinion. Importantly, the patient had notcome to the attention of occupational health staff.The patient had been told in the past that she had arthritis inher spine and had been advised to give up swimming, as breast stroke can onlymake this worse (another of the nonsense myths circulating about back pain).Her sleep pattern was very disrupted and she was feeling low in her mood. Heremployer was supportive, but she sensed that this might not always be the case.There did not appear to be any obvious problems at work or at home. I was curious to find out what life events had occurred twoyears ago at the time when she started to present with back pain. It did nottake long to discover that her mother her died. Non-verbal cues indicated thatshe was still grieving and her sleep disturbance had started at the time of herbereavement. Physical examination revealed nothing more than segmentalstiffness in the upper lumbar region.I explained to her that heightened emotional arousal, reflectedin the poor sleep quality, had served to raise her sense of somatic awarenessand lower her tolerance to pain and discomfort. A simple explanation of themind-body system was sufficient to reassure her. I acknowledged her grief andencouraged her to talk more about her feelings with her husband over the comingweeks. Advice to stop exercising and instilling fears of disease had only madematters worse. Her X-rays had merely shown age-related changes. Her back washurting because of excessive muscle tension crimping joints tight and her backwas out of condition. Simple and brief solution-focused counselling on that onevisit was sufficient to break the cycle of pain and depression. I advised herto return to the physical activities that gave her pleasure. I did not think thatany further physical treatments would serve any useful purpose in this case.The whole consultation took no more than 45 minutes.At review six weeks later her depressed mood had lifted, hersleep was refreshing, she was enjoying swimming and her weight was coming off.She was much more positive about her work. And coincidentally, the back painwas now only an ache she could manage with. All her other distressing symptomshad vanished. She felt confident enough to request no further follow up ortreatment. Related posts:No related photos. Previous Article Next Article Back to workOn 1 Nov 2002 in Musculoskeletal disorders, Personnel Today Comments are closed.
October 2, 2018 /Sports News – Local Nicklaus Britt Places 12th at WNMU Fall Intercollegiate Tags: Dixie State/Nicklaus Britt/WNMU Invitational Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailALBUQUERQUE, N.M.-Tuesday, Dixie State men’s golf star, Nicklaus Britt, a former Millard High standout, finished 12th at the WNMU Fall Intercollegiate, shooting a +6.His contributions helped the Trailblazers finish third overall at +34, posting a score of 898.Host Western New Mexico finished first overall and the Mustangs’ star golfer also placed first as Sam Ruston finished with a score of 212 (-4).Britt and his teammates are next in action at the Dixie State Fall Regional Preview October 15 and 16. Brad James
Please join Evansville Mayor Lloyd Winnecke for a ribbon-cutting ceremony to mark the opening of the Mid Levee Corridor Greenway. A brief ceremony will be held at the greenway near the entrance to the Heidelbach Canoe Launch, Heidelbach, and Tulip Avenues. Who: Mayor Lloyd Winnecke and Evansville Parks Department Executive Director Brian HoltzWhat: Mid Levee Corridor Greenway Ribbon Cutting CeremonyWhen: Wednesday, October 23, 2019, at 10:00 amWhere: Entrance to the Heidelbach Canoe LaunchDetails: The Mid-Levee Corridor is part of the city’s non-motorized transportation network designed to enhance recreation opportunities and make Evansville more walkable and bicycle-friendly. The corridor is approximately .4 miles in length, stretching from the Heidelbach Canoe Launch to Stringtown Road. It features a 10-foot wide asphalt trail, bike racks, and new tree plantings, and landscaping. The Mid Levee Corridor Greenway is a $1.1 million dollar federally funded matching grant project with the federal government paying for 80 percent of the cost. The local share of the project’s costs was paid for with grants obtained by the city specifically for the Mid Levee Corridor. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
W holemeal bread took a spanking in The Sunday Times recently for having nearly double the level of sugar it did 30 years ago. Shock! Naughty plant bakers are contributing to the obesity epidemic by loading our bread with cheap sugar to make it more palatable and to compensate for salt reductions, it reported. Horror!What it failed to state – and this rather undermined its point – is that sugar is not commonly added to bread in the UK. A glaring error, you might think, and one deserving of the paper in turn being put over our collective knee for a slap.Comparing data from McCance and Widdowson’s (M&W) The Composition of Foods 1978, with a loaf plucked from the shelf – in this case, Hovis, which includes a small amount of brown sugar – the report said that sugar content in wholemeal bread had gone up from 2.1g per 100g in 1978 to 3.7g per 100g in a Hovis wholemeal loaf today. It also cited Sainsbury’s own-label bread, which has 3.5g sugar on the nutrition label.The problem is that the Sainsbury’s loaf, like most other loaves, contains no added sugar. As Joe Street, MD of Fine Lady Bakeries, which doesn’t add sugar to its Tesco own-label bread, nimbly states: “The article looked at one thing [that sugar is added to bread], took it in isolation, and assumed it’s everywhere, which is a load of nonsense.” The starting point for explaining why sugar content appears to have risen should be asking why, if one loaf has added sugar and the other doesn’t, do the two loaves have similar sugar contents on the nutrition label?Firstly, let’s break down the typical 3.5g sugar content in a 100g of wholemeal bread. Flour contains around 2% of naturally occurring sugars. As a rule of thumb, taking a third off that figure would give an approximate level of the sugars in bread – somewhere between 1.3-1.5%. Sugars will always be higher in wholemeal than in white bread, because sugar levels are higher at the junction between the bran and the endosperm.fermentation processThen there’s the fermentation process where the amylase enzyme breaks down starch, a product of which is another sugar – maltose. The fermentation process will actually increase the sugar levels, taking us up to between 2%-2.5%. So much of the sugar content is naturally occurring from the flour and fermentation. Another source of sugars is malt, which is added to dough to help speed the fermentation and to develop a good crust colour in a short time, a soft crust and a moist crumb texture.So what makes up the remainder? The increased use of enzymes potentially producing more maltose in modern no-time dough-making may provide a clue, says cereal scientist Stan Cauvain of bakery consultant Baketran. “I wonder – and I can only say at this stage that it is a wonder – if as a result of using much higher levels of enzymes than we did 30 years ago we’re actually generating more maltose. That is perhaps why levels appear to be much higher.” Indeed, he estimates that alpha amylase enzyme activity has increased tenfold since 1978.Improvements in the way nutritional data is measured may also account for the disparity between sugar levels in 1978 and now. Historically, sugar nutrition content used to be calculated and now it is more scientifically analysed – and more accurate. A suspicion arises from M&W’s figures for bananas, which show that the amount of sugar in a banana rose from 16g to nearly 21g between 1978 and 2002.”Are you telling me that people are breeding bananas to make them more sweet? That’s banana talk!” says Professor Jeya Henry of Oxford Brookes University. “The whole tone of the [Sunday Times] article demonises sugar, in a way that is unfortunate. There is a problem of analytical exactitude in comparing data from 20-odd years ago. There have been huge advances in methodology.”The M&W data for wholemeal in 2002 actually shows 2.8g/100g sugar – way short of the typical 3.5g found in loaves today. There has been no revolution in the plant baking process over the past five years to account for the dispa-rity, says Graham March, MD of Roberts Bakery. “There’s absolutely no reason why [sugar levels] should have changed over time. No recipe change would have created that much difference.”Low levels in breadThe gripe of food campaigners is that more sugar in processed foods is detrimental to people’s health. But even if sugar content in bread had actually doubled, would they be right to point the finger at bread? Federation of Bakers director Gordon Polson points out that sugar levels in bread remain very low. “It has not been an issue that has been raised as one of concern,” he says.Foods that have 10g/100g or more of sugar are considered to be high in sugar, so the current sugar levels in wholemeal are “not a concern”, concurs Lisa Miles, nutrition scientist at The British Nutrition Foundation. “There’s no widespread recommendation to restrict the sugars found naturally in foods, because these foods tend to also provide vitamins, minerals and fibre,” she adds.Sometimes a small amount of sugar is added to wholemeal bread because wholemeal grains are bitter and unpalatable to consumers on their own, British Bakeries says in a statement: “Hovis Wholemeal does contain a small amount of brown sugar, added as much for the flavour generated in baking as for the effect on bitterness. The quantities of sugar added are very small and do not affect the nutritional benefits of the bread.” Meanwhile, bakery writer Dan Lepard says the issue has been overblown: “I wouldn’t have thought that the inclusion of a small amount of brown sugar in Hovis’ loaf was such a scandalous thing, especially when most of it will disappear during the fermentation process, simply leaving the molasses to give a rich warm colour to the crumb and dough.”One thing that can be confidently dispelled is that sugar is being added to wholemeal bread for nefarious reasons. “Nobody is concealing the addition of sugar to bread. It could be a combination of circumstances that gives us higher levels than we saw 30 years ago,” says cereal scientist Cauvain. n
RedBlack Software has launched Cybake Touch a new shop ordering software application for bakery retailers.The stand-alone product has been designed to reduce shop waste, as well as maximise sales. It is sold seperately to the Cybake 3 bakery management system, and can be installed on any Windows-driven touchscreen EPOS hardware. It then links with the EPOS software already installed on the retailer’s till systems and works with any head office business applications.Bakery shop managers can place orders via their existing touchscreen EPOS, while head office can analyse orders using sales history, exceptional quantity alerts, key line and waste warnings for every outlet.”CyBake Touch allows the shop to put in its own orders, so you will almost certainly reduce admin at the head office,” said Martin Coyle, sales manager at RedBlack Software. If a product is over- or under-delivered, head office is notified via the software. Real-time communication is achieved via broadband.Prices start from £3,000www.redblacksoftware.co.uk
New coffee chain Love Coffee is stepping into the gap left by BB’s Coffee & Muffins, with a goal for 25 outlets by the end of the year. Former BB’s Coffee & Muffins franchisee Shashi Patel, of DJ & C Foods, is planning to roll out the new chain in shopping centre locations across the UK.Patel formerly had 13 BB’s outlets, which are now in the process of being rebranded as Love Coffee, and the firm has already opened two additional stores in Woking.“When BB’s went into administration, we felt it was an opportunity to do our own thing,” explained Patel. “Our target is to have 25 cafés by the end of the year. We have purchased two of BB’s sites from the administrators and are also looking at brand new sites.”The cafés offer a range of sandwiches and muffins, freshly made in-store, as well as the company’s own blend of coffee, sourced from Nairobi Coffee Company. The firm has sites throughout Cheshire, Yorkshire and Lancashire.
The Argus experiment highlighted key considerations for future UK operational SSA systems, including identifying the capabilities and limitations of commercially available optical equipment to observe satellites. This will feed into advice provided by Dstl into national SSA enhancement programmes across both the military and civilian domains.Visit the Basingstoke Astronomical Society website A project designed to test equipment used within the amateur astronomer community to track space debris saw Defence scientists harnessing the talents of a local astronomy society.Launched at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), Project Argus brought Basingstoke Astronomical Society (BAS) members together with Dstl’s Space Programme to test readily-available astronomical equipment’s ability to see, catalogue and study space debris.As the satellite population has grown, so has the risk of collisions involving communication, navigation or remote sensing satellites. Dstl has been working with the RemoveDebris consortium (part funded by the European Commission) to explore space debris disposal technologies using a special demonstrator satellite. The citizen science project observed several satellites including RemoveDebris.A critical technical challenge of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) is the provision of accurately-timed satellite observations from geographically distributed sensor sites – without this, precise orbit determination is impossible. Commercially available software was found to be deficient and so the BAS team created their own techniques using a novel mix of hardware and software developed within the group. To enable the efficient processing of large quantities of BAS data, Dstl scientists developed automated image processing tools and in-house orbit estimation software. These developments will be exploited at our new research telescope facility “Holmes”, planned for construction at Portsdown West.Mike O’Callaghan, Space programme manager from Dstl, said: It’s been a fantastic example of harnessing the expertise of talented and committed individuals to real effect. We have all enjoyed working with Basingstoke Astronomical Society on Project Argus – they went above and beyond our expectations, I was amazed at how much they achieved following their recent visit to Dstl! This productive partnership was key to bringing large volumes of data in and led to decisions which have advanced our programme. When our Secretary Alan Lorrain invited Dstl to talk to us last February having seen an article in the Salisbury local press, we had no idea this would turn out to be the start of such an involved and enjoyable project. Our members have all been enthusiastic about addressing and solving some really interesting observing problems and working with Dstl staff to enable better knowledge of space debris. Trevor Gainey, Chair of Basingstoke Astronomical Society, said: