Employers are obliged to provide information to, and consult with, trade union or other appropriate representatives where they propose to make 20 or more employees redundant at one establishment within 90 days or less.Traditionally, employers did not have to consult with employees’ representatives about the reasons for proposed redundancies. The duty was interpreted as a requirement simply to consult about how to carry out any redundancy programme that management deemed necessary.But that position has changed as a result of last year’s decision by the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) in the case of UK Coal Mining vs the National Union of Mineworkers.The case concerned Ellington colliery in North-umberland, which, for years, had faced financial problems, potential redundancies and closure. In 2005, a flood suspended mining, affecting profits. Management decided that closure was inevitable and cited safety concerns as the reason for redundancies; 158 workers were made redundant in less than a month from the first announcement.Newcastle Employment Tribunal found as a fact that the purported safety reason for the closure was untrue and that the economic viability of the mine was the main reason for the closure.Although some limited consultation was found to have taken place, it considered that this focused on alternative employment and the calculation of redundancy and other payments. Whenever the union made requests or suggestions relating to other matters, such as challenging the closure of the colliery on safety grounds, it was found that the employer had effectively ignored them.The tribunal accorded the maximum protective award of 90 days and held that the employer could not rely upon the special circumstances defence, as it had deliberately provided a false reason for the redundancy proposals.As to whether the employer was obliged to consult on the decision to close the mine, the union accepted that the tribunal was bound by existing case law, which stated that no such duty existed.The employer appealed and the union cross-appealed. The EAT dismissed the employer’s appeal. It went on to rule that EU law had widened the scope of the consultation obligation to include consultation over the avoidance of dismissals that, by implication, extends to consulting about the reasons for the proposed redundancies.Summing upWell-advised employers have, for some time, produced cases outlining why they are contemplating making multiple redundancies, as a matter of good practice and in order to dispel any concerns that the proposed dismissals are not genuine.Given the decision of the EAT, an employer will now normally be required to provide the information and should expect to have its reasoning challenged.The extent to which an employer can be required to disclose sensitive financial information to support its reasoning (or challenges to it), in order to comply with the duty to consult, is still unclear, and is likely to prove a contentious area.l Ray Silverstein is a partner at law firm Browne Jacobson LLP, advising clients on a wide variety of employment issues—-=== Key issues for consideration ===l Reasons given for proposed multiple redundancies must be truthful, otherwise an employer will be financially penalised.l When contemplating making multiple redundancies, an employer must now consult on the reasons for them if redundancies appear inevitable.l The duty to consult over the reasons for the proposed redundancies should not have a significant impact on timescales, but should be borne in mind by an employer.
Chris YoungCo-ordinator of the Real Bread Campaign for the charity SustainSo, here we are almost three years into the Real Bread Campaign’s fight for better bread in Britain, and the response continues to be fantastic. I’m always heartened by the passion people demonstrate for the cause, both within and beyond professional baking and milling circles.Aside from our campaigning, what really seems to inspire people is our work to encourage more connections between real bread bakers and people in their local communities be that through our Lessons in Loaf and Bake Your Lawn schemes to get kids baking; helping public sector cooks and food access projects put real bread on the menu; or simply by inviting all bakers to add their additive-free loaves to our online Real Bread Finder.Perhaps most exciting to me is the involvement of so many of our members in the rise of community supported baking, home bakeries and other ’alternative’ ways by which people are bringing artisanal bread back to the hearts of their local communities. More than 600 people have bought Knead to Know, our book on doing just this, and we’re now starting to hear back from readers who’ve been inspired by it.Looking to our future plans, in October we’re launching the Real Bread Loaf Mark. This will allow bakers to give their customers an at-a-glance assurance that this is Real Bread. You’ll be able to read details closer to the time on our website.I hope more BB readers will get involved with our work, adding your Real Bread by which we simply mean made without artificial additives or processing aids to our map and bready events to our calendar and, better still, joining us.
The Mahindra Humanities Center welcomes all Harvard graduate students to submit proposals to coordinate an Interdisciplinary Graduate Student Conference. Funding for the conference will be available up to the amount of $8,000. The Barker Center’s Thompson Room has been reserved on Friday, April 20 and Saturday, April 21, 2018. Proposals should consist of a one- to two-page description, outlining the proposed theme, structure, timeline, keynote speaker (if applicable), and well-thought-out budget. Conference topic should be interdisciplinary, and proposal should make the case for its innovative approaches and relevance to a range of fields. Please submit proposals via email to [email protected] by Monday, Oct. 2, 2017. For complete guidelines, visit the link below. Read Full Story
The Task Force Trident’s most recent operation on April 8th included the capture of three Ecuadorians and the seizure of 497 kilograms of cocaine worth about $12.5 million during an interdiction off the coast of the department of Sonsonate. Two days later, the Navy confiscated 795 kilograms of cocaine it found tied to buoys floating in the sea. The drugs were valued at nearly $20 million. Joint Group Cuscatlán has collaborated with Operation MARTILLO, an effort led JIATF-S to neutralize transnational criminal organizations by limiting their ability to use Central America as a transit area. Operation MARTILLO combines the forces of 10 countries in the Americas – Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Canada, and the United States – along with France, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom to improve security and peace throughout the region. By Dialogo May 04, 2016 “This special task force has improved its capabilities through expertise shared by SOUTHCOM, particularly to improve interdictions,” said Major General Félix Edgardo Núñez Escobar, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. “The result can be seen in the various seizures that have been made, preventing these drugs from reaching the black market in the United States.” Eleven days later, the task force stopped a boat transporting 600 kilograms of cocaine – worth about $15 million on the U.S. black market – off the Sonsonate coast. “The support of Task Force Trident through the Joint Group Cuscatlán has been invaluable because in a very short period of time it has allowed us to raise the level of efficiency in the fight against drug trafficking,” said Commissioner Juan Carlos Martínez, Deputy Director of Investigations with the National Civil Police during the presentation of the seizure. On March 16th, the Task Force Trident, which is part of the Joint Group Cuscatlán – an interagency task force that combats narco-trafficking nationwide – intercepted a boat sailing under an Ecuadorian flag off the coast of the department of La Paz. Its crew was transporting 280 kilograms of cocaine valued at approximately $7 million, based on the price of $25,000 per kilo on the United States’ black market. “There is coordination and interagency work, with our special forces constantly monitoring the territorial sea and responding to international alerts,” said one Task Force Trident member who could not be identified due to operational safety reasons. The operation has focused its efforts in northwestern Honduras and northern Guatemala over the past year because 80 percent of drug trafficking to the United States crosses both countries’ northern areas, according to the Salvadoran Armed Forces. Task Force Trident receives assistance from the United States based on the January 2009 Letter of Agreement of the Central American Regional Security Initiative that facilitates coordination between Joint Group Cuscatlán and the Joint Interagency Task Force-South (JIATF-S), which is based in Key West in the state of Florida. International cooperation “The mission of the Trident Force is to protect national maritime territory with operations to combat international drug trafficking, through direct interagency coordination and with friendly countries,” Salvadoran Navy Chief of Staff René Merino said. “In this way, we are able to raise the level of effectiveness,” The Salvadoran Navy’s Task Force Trident is dismantling narco-trafficking organizations operating in the turbulent waters of the Pacific Ocean, thanks to the intensive training of its members and the support of the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). The force, which was formed in October 2015, has used special interdiction techniques in operations that have struck heavy blows against groups trying to bring cocaine from South America to the United States. “Thanks to the constant work being done by Task Force Trident, we are prosecuting people for the crime of drug trafficking who could face penalties of up to 20 years in prison under our current criminal code,” said Cecilia Rivera, the Chief of the Specialized Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Attorney General’s Office.
PRESIDENT of the Guyana Cricket Board (GCB) Drubahdur, has urged the players representing Guyana in the 2017 NAGICO Regional Super 50 tournament, to play to their full potential. Drubahdur is of the opinion that once that is achieved, Guyana can easily win their tenth coveted title at this level.“My message to them is to just go out there and play to their full potential. The last two years we went to a point and it seems that we are just unable to get over, so they need to put that behind them and just cross the hurdle,” the GCB President revealed.The Guyana Jaguars 14-man squad includes seven players who have represented the regional side in Tests, One Day Internationals (ODIs) and Twenty20s, and according to the GCB President, the squad is a balanced unit, especially with the inclusion of veteran batsman Shivnarine Chanderpaul.“If you look at the squad, its very balanced – batting and bowling–and with Shiv (Chanderpaul) being there, and with the experience, I think we should bring the title home,” Drubahdur concluded.Guyana last won a Regional 50-over title under the captaincy of Shivnarine Chanderpaul almost 12 years ago when the South Americans defeated Barbados in rapidly fading lights in the KFC Cup final at the GCC ground, Bourda.Prior to that, Guyana reigned supreme in 1980, 1983, 1985, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2001 and 2003.Guyana Jaguars have been drawn in Group B, which will be played in Barbados, alongside Jamaica Scorpions, Barbados Pride, Combined Campuses and Colleges Marooners and ICC Americas.Group A, to be played in Antigua, comprises defending champions Trinidad and Tobago Red Force, host Leeward Islands Hurricanes, West Indies Under-19s, Windward Islands Volcanoes and English county side Kent.The squad reads: Leon Johnson (captain), Veerasammy Permaul (vice-captain), Anthony Bramble (wkp), Shimron Hetmyer, Shivnarine Chanderpaul, Christopher Barnwell, Raymon Reifer, Rajendra Chandrika, Steven Jacobs, Assad Fudadin, Devendra Bishoo, Ronsford Beaton, Paul Wintz and Jonathan Foo.The management staff comprises Esaun Crandon (head coach), Rayon Griffith (assistant coach) and Ernesto Gonzalez (Physiotherapist).