Before the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers, there was 9 to 5, National Association of Working Women. Founded in 1972 by Ellen Cassedy and Karen Nussbaum, then clerical workers at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, the organization dedicated itself to putting issues faced by working women on the public agenda.Allison Elias, a graduate student in the University of Virginia’s Department of History, has delved deeply into the organizational papers of 9 to 5, which are housed at the Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America at the Radcliffe Institute. During a lunchtime presentation in the library’s Radcliffe College Room on September 2, Elias discussed her research and her work-in-progress, “Gendering the Problems of Working Women: Clerical Workers, Labor Organizing, and Second-Wave Feminism.”Elias, a recipient of a Dissertation Support Grant from the Schlesinger, found extensive labor materials in the library’s archives, from 9 to 5 and other organizations and unions. Although 9 to 5 never functioned as a formal labor union—collective bargaining didn’t figure into its activities—the organization used publicity, affirmative action campaigns, conferences, and wage surveys to improve conditions for women employed in many public and private industries. They focused on areas as varied as pay concerns and health and safety in the workplace: In the 1980s, 9 to 5 even produced their own consumer report on video display terminals.The 9 to 5 name became so tied to women’s issues in the workplace that it even spawned a pop culture classic. Actress and activist Jane Fonda admired the cause and helped bring a lighthearted take on secretaries’ plights to the big screen: 9 to 5 was the highest-grossing comedy of 1980.In addition to the organizational records of 9 to 5, the Schlesinger Library is home to several other labor-related collections, including the organizational records of the Harvard Union of Clerical and Technical Workers; the records of the Massachusetts History Workshop; and the papers of Jean Tepperman, author of Not Servants, Not Machines: Office Workers Speak Out! (Beacon Press, 1976). Elias dipped into all of these collections during her month-long visit to the library, her second research trip to the Radcliffe Institute campus.
Raj Sarkar FOLLOW US COMMENT First Published: 9th December, 2019 17:10 IST Last Updated: 9th December, 2019 17:10 IST Conor McGregor Mocked By Sugar Ray Leonard For His Boxing Skills; Watch Video Conor McGregor is a deadly boxer and his left hand has defeated a lot of great fighters. However, Sugar Ray Leonard may not agree. Read what Sugar Ray said. Also Read | Jorge Masvidal Wooed By Amanda Nunes’s Stunning First Round Knockout Win At UFC 239Also Read | Boxing: Dillian Whyte Talks About Offering Deontay Wilder $50 Million+ Dollars For A Fight Written By SUBSCRIBE TO US Conor McGregor shocked the combat sports community with his cross-over fight against Floyd Mayweather back in 2017. After an energetic start, Conor McGregor lost his way in the middle of the fight and was knocked out in round number 10. Floyd Mayweather left the arena with a clean boxing record of 50 wins. Boxing veteran Sugar Ray Leonard did not miss the opportunity to take a dig at Conor McGregor’s sparring skills.Also Read | Khabib Nurmagomedov Outshines Anthony Joshua And Andy Ruiz Jr At Clash On The DunesUFC: Sugar Ray Leonard mocks Conor McGregorIn a recent video segment, Sugar Ray Leonard was seen impersonating some of the best boxers of the era. The 63-year-old American boxer has knocked out 25 big men in his pro boxing career and is still remembered as one of the finest of the sport. So what does he feel about modern-day boxers? The former world champion impersonated Floyd Mayweather, Manny Pacquaio, Deontay Wilder, Mike Tyson and Muhammad Ali before taking a hilarious dig at Conor McGregor’s patented ‘hammerfists’.Sugar Ray Leonard displayed how different boxers use their invincible power to get over their opponents. He had a sweet mouth for all his contemporaries. The former world champion impersonated Deontay Wilder’s brutal right hand, Floyd Mayweather’s unparalleled defence, Manny Pacquaio’s speedy combination before taking a shot at Conor McGregor. See how Sugar Ray Leonard mocked Conor McGregor’s boxing skills against Floyd Mayweather in a recent video. LIVE TV Also Read | UFC: Former Champion Renan Barao Released From UFC After 5 Straight LossesUFC: Conor McGregor’s current statusThe Irish Giant is looking forward for his UFC return on January 18, 2020, against Donald ‘Cowboy’ Cerrone. There’s no hiding the fact that Conor McGregor had a pretty bad run in the sport since his boxing defeat against Floyd Mayweather. After Mayweather, Conor McGregor went against Khabib Nurmagomedov for the lightweight title at UFC 229. However, he failed to defeat the undefeated Dagestani. With two back to back big losses, Conor McGregor is desperate to get back into the win column in his upcoming bout at UFC 246. WATCH US LIVE
SOUTHAMPTON, England – Injury-plagued all-rounder Andre Russell will be fit to face England in Friday’s crucial World Cup encounter at the Rose Bowl, despite missing the rain-abandoned match against South Africa on Monday.West Indies head coach Floyd Reifer confirmed that Russell was left out of the clash with the Proteas as a “precautionary measure”, with the view of getting him in the best shape to face the tournament hosts.“Andre will be fit enough for the game on Friday. The game against England is a big game for us,” said Reifer.“We are looking forward to that game. Looking at the weather forecast [for Monday’s game], it was 90 per cent rain [in the forecast] and they had rain over the last couple of days here as well. So, it is just a precautionary measure where we are kind of wrapping him in cotton wool.”Russell has been bothered by a chronic knee problem in recent years which has limited his participation in the longer formats. He was picked primarily as a batting all-rounder for the World Cup but has had a major impact, bowling with pace and hostility in short spells against Pakistan and Australia.He sent down eight overs against Australia and appeared in discomfort in the latter stages of that outing.Evon Lewis also bothered by injuryOpener Evin Lewis has also been bothered by injury and has played in just one game of the tournament. He suffered a blow to his hand ahead of the Windies opener against Pakistan and was ruled out of the fixture.Even though he returned for the Australia clash last week, he subsequently missed the South Africa game after the injury resurfaced.“Evin got struck on his hand in one of the practice sessions so he is still getting some pain, some severe pain from it as well,” Reifer explained.“So he played the last game [against Australia], but he is still having some pain in his hand.”