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first_imgThe shackling of incarcerated workers and other members of our class is a heinous crime against humanity. As committed communists, we have to fight to end the conditions of their incarceration. There is another form of shackling:  psychiatric shackling. It is used against the mentally ill or those suspected of mental illness. It is the use of psychosurgery (lobotomies), electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and medication shackling. Even if these forms of shackling aren’t used on the patient, people can be tied to their beds or stretchers until they break or relent. It is important to examine these forms of shackling and understand how destructive they can be to the minds of the victims.What is the reasoning behind these forms of shackling? In modern times, it is used to restrain “violent” or “difficult” patients, those in need of real treatment and sympathy. I had akathisia and needed to move. Instead, psychiatric “caregivers” decided I should be trapped like that. It is a dehumanizing and humiliating experience.I’ve seen psychiatric medicinal shackles used on people who simply raised their voices. They were prescribed heavy-duty tranquilizers, including Ativan (lorazepam), Klonopin (clonazepam), Haldol (haloperidol) and Zyprexa (olanzapine). Chemical ‘shackles’Sometimes they were given orally, in the cases of Klonopin and Zyprexa, but most times it would be Haldol and Ativan given via injection. Patients’ choices were limited to nonexistent. Sometimes they could reject addictive benzodiazepines. After this psychiatric injection series, they were locked in a “safe room” and deprived of reading material or human interaction for hours on end. The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) and Mental Health America (MHA) oppose the usage of physical restraints and seclusion of patients, viewing them as failures of treatment and the treatment team. (A treatment team consists of a psychiatrist,  therapist, social worker and the patient’s family, if possible.)This is only the beginning of understanding the history of shackling in mental health facilities. In the past, they used electroshock therapies and psychosurgery; lobotomies were first used in the early 20th century. Dr. Antonio Egas Moniz received a Nobel prize for this cruel discovery. If drilling holes into the skull to destroy part of someone’s brain was bad, a new “development” in psychosurgery allowed doctors to go through an eye socket and stir up the brain. The result would be a completely compliant patient, who oftentimes was totally disabled and needed to be taken care of permanently.Drugs given, not helpThere is also drug-induced shackling of the mind and sometimes the body. This was permissible because no one believed mentally ill people were capable of giving consent. Some facilities still use drug-induced shackling, because it is easier to dope up patients than to help them, if help is possible. In modern psychiatric facilities, the view is that it’s easier to drug patients and dump them after a week, without treating their acute problems.The use of drug-induced therapy started with the advent of the typical antipsychotic or neuroleptic Thorazine (chlorpromazine). This drug was given to  patients in the now-destroyed state hospital system to keep them from acting up and to stay compliant. This is a dehumanizing cruelty, but there’s more: Then came Haldol (haloperidol). Both of these medications had unpleasant or life-threatening side effects. First, the disorders tardive dyskinesia, Parkinsonism and akathisia were found to be caused by neuroleptics. “Neuroleptic” means “to take hold of one’s nerves.” This is an  appropriate name for a medicine when doctors actually wanted to cause side effects. It was believed that typical antipsychotics only worked on D2 (dopamine) receptors, thereby causing tardive dyskinesia or Parkinsonism. It was beyond cruel. Psychiatrists thought the medications were working only if they caused tardive dyskinesia or Parkinsonism. Since then, it has been found that these medicines don’t need to cause these cruel side effects. But psychiatric facilities still use intramuscular Haldol on patients. Even on the first use, Haldol can cause tardive dyskinesia and Parkinsonism. A person doesn’t need to be on it for an extended period of time to suffer from these conditions, although tardive dyskinesia is most common after years of taking antipsychotics. The second and third generation antipsychotics, such as clozapine, aripiprazole and brexpiprazole, are shown to work without impacting D2 receptors as much.Racism in psychiatryUnfortunately, there are other negative aspects of psychiatry. Psychiatrists have often mistreated marginalized people. Racist psychiatrists often overdiagnosed disorders of Black and Brown people. In 1851, Samuel A. Cartwright proposed a mental illness called “drapetomania” to explain why enslaved people fled their captors. This so-called “mental illness” did not exist but is an example of how psychiatry has abused and shackled people.It’s not that mentally ill people shouldn’t take advantage of all the positive help that psychiatry can give. The use of medication is both important and legitimate. However, psychiatrists can cause their skills and medications to shackle those who enter their maw. Remember this and fight for mentally ill people in prisons, psychiatric hospitals and outside the walls.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

first_imgDon’t Miss Anything Major in Your Credit Union Social Media Policy – Take This Short Quiz Now!You probably already know that your Credit Union Social Media Policy needs to be good, even great – but the reality is that in today’s social media obsessed world, your social media policy needs to be positively foolproof. To determine whether your credit union is really ready to deal with clients (and with the world) via social media, take the following quiz.#1: Are Employee Roles Clearly Defined For All Social Media Usage? Your Credit Union social media policy should clearly define which employees will handle the credit union’s social media accounts. The people who are authorized to post on behalf of your credit union should be explicitly allowed to do so according to the terms of their contract. continue reading » 17SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

first_imgThe Latest: Renault staying in Formula 1 despite job cuts Tebas says fans may also have the option of hearing pre-recorded crowd noise or stick with the live sound from the empty stadiums.Tebas says the Spanish league is expected to resume on June 11 and finish on July 19. The next season would start on Sept. 12. The European competitions are set to be played after the end of the domestic leagues.Tebas says he wants two or three league matches to be played every day until the end of the competition.___The Pan Pacific Swimming Championships won’t be held as planned in 2022 because of a crowded international sporting schedule brought on by the coronavirus pandemic. The dates for the FA Cup semifinals have been changed to July 18-19.The Football Association originally announced dates of July 11-12 but a short time later decided to push them back.The FA Cup final is set for Aug. 1.___The Japanese soccer league will resume on July 4 in empty stadiums. The semifinals and final are usually held at Wembley Stadium. The FA says further information on venues will be announced later.The FA says the match dates are dependent on safety measures being met as lockdown measures are gradually eased during the coronavirus pandemic.___The Spanish soccer league could use virtual crowds when the competition resumes in empty stadiums next month.Spanish league president Javier Tebas says the league is working with the possibility of giving fans different options on how to watch the matches on television. He says they may be able to choose either the original feed with no fans or an alternative one with crowds superimposed on the stands. Canada was scheduled to host the quadrennial event in 2022 but instead will host in 2026.Swimming Canada says charter nations Australia, Canada, Japan and the United States “agreed to defer” the event.The Tokyo Olympics were postponed to 2021. That then led to the swimming world championships being pushed back to May 2022.The 2020 Junior Pan Pacific Championships were moved to August 2022 in Hawaii.___ A new schedule will be announced on June 15. The lower level J-2 and J-3 leagues can begin play on June 27.___The reshaped English soccer season is set to end with the FA Cup final on Aug. 1.The Football Association has announced provisional dates for the remaining rounds of the competition a day after the Premier League said it planned to restart on June 17.The quarterfinals of the FA Cup are scheduled to take place over the weekend of June 27-28 and the semifinals on July 11-12. J-League chairman Mitsuru Murai made the announcement in a online news conference.The J-League suspended play on Feb. 26 because of the coronavirus outbreak.Both soccer and baseball were able begin play after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe lifted a state of emergency earlier in the week.The soccer league says “matches will be held without spectators but the league will continue preparations to allow spectators into the stadiums in the future.”The league says all matches will be rescheduled with a priority given to scheduling teams from the same geographic region to limit travel. Only neighboring Belarus is currently holding professional soccer games with fans in the stadium.___The top two divisions of the Swedish league have been given the go-ahead to start their seasons on June 14.There will be no spectators at matches.The season was scheduled to start on April 4 but was suspended because of the coronavirus outbreak. Renault general director Clotilde Delbos made the announcement in a telephone conference call.Renault plans to cut 15,000 jobs as part of its financial restructuring but Delbos said the company’s presence in F1 will not be affected.___The Swiss soccer league will restart on June 20 in empty stadiums.The league says the 20 clubs in the top two divisions have voted 17-2 in favor of resuming. There was one abstention. May 29, 2020 Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___French car manufacturer Renault says it is staying in Formula One despite planning a large number of job cuts. Fans will be in the stadiums when the Russian soccer league restarts next month.The Russian government’s coronavirus task force says spectators will be allowed if they don’t exceed 10% of the stadium’s capacity.The Russian league previously announced it will resume games on June 21.Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko says “both players and fans have missed the vivid emotions of a match and the noise from the stands. Soon all this will return.”The move could help clubs stem losses from refunding ticket holders. ___More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6 The league has been shut down since February because of the coronavirus pandemic. There are 13 rounds left in the top division and the league wants to complete the season on Aug. 2.St. Gallen leads defending champion Young Boys on goal difference. Third-place Basel trails by five points.Basel is also still in the Europa League. UEFA hopes to complete that competition in August after domestic seasons end.The league says a separate vote to increase the top division from 10 teams to 12 failed to pass.___last_img read more

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