IranMiddle East – North Africa Receive email alerts to go further October 9, 2014 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Twelve arrested over mobile phone message content Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 IranMiddle East – North Africa WhatsApp, Viber and Tango“The intelligence services (will go after) people who circulate insulting comments about Ayatollah Khomeini online,” Kamal Hadifar, the head of Iran’s cyber-police force, FETA, warned on 12 September. “Private messages on Viber and WhatsApp can be monitored by the FETA police.”WhatsApp, Tango and Viber allow you to send a message from your mobile phone via the Internet to anyone in your address book. These messages are exposed to the same hazards as any data passing through the Internet, including blocking, interception and surveillance, and are apparently being monitored by the Iranian authorities.Of the three apps used to circulate the jokes about Ayatollah Khomeini, only WhatsApp encrypts the content of messages. IT security experts have nonetheless revealed flaws in WhatsApp’s security. With enough effort, anyone controlling the Internet (fixed line, 3G or Edge) is capable of accessing message content. In Iran, the Revolutionary Guards control the main Internet Service Providers through the Telecommunication Company of Iran, while the three leading mobile phone operators are government offshoots.Just two weeks after Hadifar’s warning, Ebrahim Raissi, the Islamic Republic’s prosecutor-general announced “the arrest of those responsible for these insulting messages on certain social networks.”Reporters Without Borders is concerned about the widespread use of these apps and the lack of information about the dangers attached to their use by journalists and netizens, so we contacted WhatsApp, Tango and Viber with the aim of finding out more about their security measures. As none of them has so far responded, we recommend not using these apps to transmit sensitive information.Iran’s Internet – crackdown or developmentAfter the sarcastic messages about the Revolution’s former Supreme Leader went viral, government supporters began talking of a “conspiracy” and calling for more controls over the Internet in Iran.The imam of the city of Mashhad, who is close to the current Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, accused the communications minister of causing havoc by trying to improve Internet access. “The Leader announced that high-speed Internet should be avoided, but we know that his recommendation has been overlooked and all our young people now have Internet in their pockets, and this on its own promotes corruption,” the imam said.Several government members including information and communications technology minister Mahmoud Vaezi have referred to the need to find alternatives to WhatsApp, Viber and Tango. “As long as we don’t have a substitute for these applications, we will oppose blocking them,” Vaezi said.” He added that, “the government has signed a contract with three universities for a 100 per cent domestic product that will be ready in six months.”Ever since President Hassan Rouhani’s election in July 2013, the level of Internet controls has been the subject of much debate in the highest government circles. The authorities have continued to develop Internet infrastructure for economic reasons. According to official figures, Iran has 36 million Internet users and an Internet penetration rate of 49 percent, making it one of the region’s most connected countries. The Rouhani administration has not abandoned the idea of a “Halal” (national) Internet but clearly wants a fair amount of flexibility in its implementation.According to figures published by the Tehran chamber of commerce, Iran’s imports of mobile phones and other IT equipment from China and the United Arab Emirates last year – 1392 in Iran, running from 21 March 2013 to 20 March 2014 – totalled nearly 4 billion dollars (2.3 billion from China and 1.6 billion from the UAE).Around 100 Iranian companies import IT equipment and most of them are owned by the Revolutionary Guards, who presumably do very well out of the trade.A total of 20 journalists and 28 netizens are currently detained in Iran, which is ranked 173rd out of 180 countries in the 2014 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. Organisation Help by sharing this information Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists Follow the news on Iran News News After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists June 9, 2021 Find out more The Iranian authorities keep a close watch on electronic messages. When jokes about Ayatollah Khomeini, the Islamic Republic’s founder and former Supreme Leader, began circulating in Iran via the WhatsApp, Tango and Viber mobile phone apps in mid-September and were posted on Facebook and Twitter, a response from the authorities was not long in coming. Twelve netizens were arrested. In the light of these developments, Reporters Without Borders recommends the utmost care when using these apps. March 18, 2021 Find out more News News RSF_en February 25, 2021 Find out more
The Task Force Trident’s most recent operation on April 8th included the capture of three Ecuadorians and the seizure of 497 kilograms of cocaine worth about $12.5 million during an interdiction off the coast of the department of Sonsonate. Two days later, the Navy confiscated 795 kilograms of cocaine it found tied to buoys floating in the sea. The drugs were valued at nearly $20 million. Joint Group Cuscatlán has collaborated with Operation MARTILLO, an effort led JIATF-S to neutralize transnational criminal organizations by limiting their ability to use Central America as a transit area. Operation MARTILLO combines the forces of 10 countries in the Americas – Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Canada, and the United States – along with France, the Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom to improve security and peace throughout the region. By Dialogo May 04, 2016 “This special task force has improved its capabilities through expertise shared by SOUTHCOM, particularly to improve interdictions,” said Major General Félix Edgardo Núñez Escobar, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. “The result can be seen in the various seizures that have been made, preventing these drugs from reaching the black market in the United States.” Eleven days later, the task force stopped a boat transporting 600 kilograms of cocaine – worth about $15 million on the U.S. black market – off the Sonsonate coast. “The support of Task Force Trident through the Joint Group Cuscatlán has been invaluable because in a very short period of time it has allowed us to raise the level of efficiency in the fight against drug trafficking,” said Commissioner Juan Carlos Martínez, Deputy Director of Investigations with the National Civil Police during the presentation of the seizure. On March 16th, the Task Force Trident, which is part of the Joint Group Cuscatlán – an interagency task force that combats narco-trafficking nationwide – intercepted a boat sailing under an Ecuadorian flag off the coast of the department of La Paz. Its crew was transporting 280 kilograms of cocaine valued at approximately $7 million, based on the price of $25,000 per kilo on the United States’ black market. “There is coordination and interagency work, with our special forces constantly monitoring the territorial sea and responding to international alerts,” said one Task Force Trident member who could not be identified due to operational safety reasons. The operation has focused its efforts in northwestern Honduras and northern Guatemala over the past year because 80 percent of drug trafficking to the United States crosses both countries’ northern areas, according to the Salvadoran Armed Forces. Task Force Trident receives assistance from the United States based on the January 2009 Letter of Agreement of the Central American Regional Security Initiative that facilitates coordination between Joint Group Cuscatlán and the Joint Interagency Task Force-South (JIATF-S), which is based in Key West in the state of Florida. International cooperation “The mission of the Trident Force is to protect national maritime territory with operations to combat international drug trafficking, through direct interagency coordination and with friendly countries,” Salvadoran Navy Chief of Staff René Merino said. “In this way, we are able to raise the level of effectiveness,” The Salvadoran Navy’s Task Force Trident is dismantling narco-trafficking organizations operating in the turbulent waters of the Pacific Ocean, thanks to the intensive training of its members and the support of the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). The force, which was formed in October 2015, has used special interdiction techniques in operations that have struck heavy blows against groups trying to bring cocaine from South America to the United States. “Thanks to the constant work being done by Task Force Trident, we are prosecuting people for the crime of drug trafficking who could face penalties of up to 20 years in prison under our current criminal code,” said Cecilia Rivera, the Chief of the Specialized Anti-Narcotics Unit of the Attorney General’s Office.
Trent Alexander-Arnold takes a throw for Liverpool England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? MONEY possible standings ADVICE Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Liverpool’s throw-in coach has brushed off belittling comments from Andy Gray and explained his philosophy, in an interview with Training Ground Guru.Thomas Gronnemark is trying to help the Reds improve their ability from the touchline and help them to a first title since 1990. BEST OF To highlight how devastating a poor throw-in can be, he highlighted in the 2011 Champions League final.He recalled: “Eric Abidal had a throw-in from the left back position close to his own penalty area. His technique was bad and the ball didn’t go very far, meaning possession was lost. Seven seconds later, Wayne Rooney scored for Manchester United.”And to further illustrate his talents, Gronnemark’s tutelage of Andreas Poulsen will be of note to Liverpool fans.The player studied under the coach at Midtjylland, who netted 10 times from throw-ins last-term, and improved the distance of his throws from 24.25m to 37.9m.“Think about the throwing area,” Gronnemark explained. “If you draw a half circle from the touchline to the area that Poulsen is able to reach, it’s gone from 923 to 2256 square metres, which is well over double.“That creates so much more space between the players, which opens up a lot of attacking opportunities.” How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures Every Championship club’s best signing of the decade, including Taarabt and Dack silverware Latest Football News 3 Danish full-back Andreas Poulsen improved his ability from throw-ins thanks to Gronnemark. Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade REVEALED smart causal 3 impact highlights But rather than hitting back at Gray, Gronnemark chose to explain his background and theory.He told Training Ground Guru: “I have no problem with what he [Andy Gray] said, because everyone is entitled to their opinion and debate is good but perhaps he could be a little more curious.“On average, there are 40 to 50 throw ins per game. In fact when Liverpool played Brighton on Saturday, they had 54. That’s about 12 minutes per game taken up by throw-ins and situations arising from them.“On average, they lose the ball more than half the time from under-pressure throw-ins, when their team-mates are closely marked.“Have you noticed that the commentators never mention a bad throw-in during a game? I think it’s because there are so many and their expectations are very low. It becomes so they barely notice.” Former Everton star Andy Gray, though, mocked the employment of Gronnemark with withering remarks on beIN SPORTS.“Maybe we are going to see Andy Robertson do a headstand and take it,” he joked. “Here is a lesson: Pick the ball up, take it behind your head, throw it to a teammate and keep both feet on the ground.“I have got a new one. I want to be the first kick-off coach!” Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions Joe Gomez is one of several Liverpool stars who will be learning from Thomas Gronnemark. Best clips, calls and talkSPORT moments of 2019, feat Hearn, McCoist and more 3 RANKED And the coach’s ‘long. fast, and clever’ philosophy seems to dovetail perfectly with Liverpool’s strategy.He added: “I’m a former sprinter and love the fast, fluent game. I coach how to get the ball back very quickly after it goes out, how to keep possession, how to make the counter attack super-fast.“Long, because players are improving the distance of their throws by 15 metres; fast, because of the counter-attacking opportunities; clever because you’re keeping possession of the ball.”