‘Best Scientists and Best Minds’ at Oil Companies Failed To Innovate When They Had the Chance FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享By Matt Smith for Vice News:Around the same time NASA was planning its moon missions, US oil companies were working on technologies that could have reduced greenhouse gas emissions.Scientists and engineers had submitted patents for techniques to peel carbon dioxide out of fossil fuel exhaust, boost engine efficiencies, and produce electricity from fuel cells, according to industry documents released Thursday. They also pondered ways of offsetting the expected effects of increased carbon dioxide levels by pouring sulfur particles into the air to reflect solar energy back into space, or manipulating the weather to control smog.But the industry ultimately settled on raising doubts about whether any effort to rein in carbon emissions was needed to head off the threat of global warming, according to the researchers who have collected those records.“Faced with the knowledge of climate change and climate risks, particularly by the latter part of the 1960s, the oil companies had a choice,” said Carroll Muffett, president of the Washington-based Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL). “They could invest in responding to and reducing that risk, or they could invest and continue to exploit oil and to look for ways to explain away climate change and explain away climate risk. Our research strongly suggests they chose that second path.”…The CIEL documents could spell trouble for other companies, said Tom Sanzillo, finance director at the Cleveland-based Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).“There is a clear potential — I would say a high likelihood — of multiple levels of litigation against oil companies,” said Sanzillo, the former chief of the New York state pension fund. Those could include private lawsuits as well as government actions; there’s also the prospect of a revolt by stockholders who find the company facing unexpected liabilities or a congressional investigation.“This looks like it’s pretty serious, and it just seems to get worse,” he said.CIEL’s previous release revealed industry studies from the 1950s and ’60s that identified the burning of fossil fuels as a contributor to the rise of carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere. A 1968 study produced for the API warned that rising carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere “may be the cause of serious world-wide environmental changes.”But around the same time, oil companies began promoting alternative theories for climate change that scientists had discounted, such as changes in the sun’s intensity or the orbit of the Earth. A 1968 paper co-sponsored by Gulf Oil declared that cyclical changes in the Earth’s axis “must be recognized as the number-one contender in the climatic sweepstakes.”“They resurrected the theory of astronomical or solar-driven climate change that had been moribund for years,” Muffett said. “Industry-funded research resurrected it, and it’s become a go-to argument for climate denialists even to this day.”Sanzillo said the oil companies had “the best scientists and the best minds,” and may have been far more aware of the risks than the nascent environmental movement in the 1960s and ’70s. But that means they “bear a certain responsibility,” he added.“It’s a shame that many of the technological innovations that they were developing didn’t come to fruition,” he said. “The oil companies, as a research entity, are probably some of the best minds in the world on energy, and it’s unfortunate that they’ve not helped to develop real solutions over the decades. That’s what society was looking to them for.”Full article: https://news.vice.com/article/the-oil-industry-sought-patents-for-low-carbon-technologies-decades-ago-then-abandoned-them
Greenpeace has informed that its 35 activists and its Arctic Sunrise ship have been released following last week’s arrest in Norway.The Norwegian Coast Guard last Thursday boarded the Arctic Sunrise and arrested the ship and the crew at Statoil’s Korpfjell drill site in the Barents Sea, after Greenpeace’s protest against Statoil’s drilling in the Arctic. Apart from Statoil’s drilling, the activists were also protesting against the Norwegian government’s granting of oil licenses “in violation of Norway’s Constitution and the Paris Agreement.”The crew and the Greenpeace have been released in Tromsø, Northern Norway.Six activists have been fined for breaching the safety zone around the semi-submersible drilling rig, Songa Enabler, on Thursday.“Greenpeace considers the arrest by the Norwegian authorities to be unlawful as the protest was carried out in an area, where the activists have a right to protest peacefully in connection with the right of freedom of navigation and none of the grounds for boarding a foreign flagged vessel under international law were present. Greenpeace believes the action was important and necessary to highlight the Norwegian government’s granting of licenses for Statoil’s irresponsible drilling program,” the conservation group added.“The activists stand for what they did and are facing the consequences. They have acted peacefully and with the urgency necessary to protect the global climate that the Norwegian government is right now putting at risk with reckless oil drilling in the Arctic. This new aggressive search for oil is a violation of Norway’s Constitution and a completely backwards decision while the rest of the world is agreeing to phase out fossil to reduce global warming,” said Truls Gulowsen, head of Greenpeace Norway.“I am happy that we managed to expose the Norwegian government’s true face behind the self-proclaimed image as a green frontrunner. We protested peacefully with the support of hundreds of thousands people to make it clear that the Norwegian government is making a historic mistake with the opening of a new oil frontier. They know that more oil extraction will fuel extreme weather events like typhoons and droughts, so it’s about time they set people’s lives and health higher than short term oil profits,” said Austrian activist Dalia Kellou.Greenpeace said it would continue to oppose Arctic drilling.Statoil is using the Songa Offshore-owned Cat D drilling rig Songa Enabler to drill the Korpfjell well in production license 859, which was awarded in the 23rd licensing round in 2016. As such, Greenpeace alleged, the license is subject to a lawsuit filed together Nature & Youth last October and scheduled for hearing in November.“The next battle will be fought in the courtroom through a climate lawsuit brought against the Norwegian government for handing out new Arctic oil licenses. Greenpeace Nordic and Nature and Youth will meet the Norwegian government in court on 14th November, arguing that the new oil licenses are a violation of the right to a safe and healthy environment as stated in the Norwegian Constitution (Article 112), also safeguarded for future generations as well as the Paris Agreement,” Greenpeace said.The drilling site is in the northern sector of the Barents Sea South-East area, 37 kilometers from the Russian boundary and 415 kilometers from the Norwegian mainland. Water depth at the site is 253 meters. The Korpfjell well is the northernmost oil operation ever in Norway.The Korpfjell well might be one of Statoil’s last chances for a major discovery in this year’s Barents Sea drilling campaign. Statoil’s previous wells, Blåmann, Kayak, and Gemini North, were a bit of a disappointment. Namely, the first one was a small gas discovery, the second one was an oil discovery totaling between 25 and 50 million barrels of recoverable oil equivalents, and the third one aimed for oil but made a small, non-commercial, gas discovery.Once the rig completes its operations on the Korpfjell well, it is scheduled to drill the Koigen well from August 22 until September 17. It’s unclear whether the Greenpeace protest has impacted the drilling schedule. Offshore Energy Today Staff
Goalkeeper Tochukwu Oluehi returned to the starting XI for the Super Falcons after missing out of their last game due to a suspension.The Red Flames of Belgium nudged themselves in front after just seven minutes through Elena Dhont following a swift attacking move from the Europeans.The team struggled to deal with the attacking impetus of their rivals particularly in the first half and was lucky not to concede more goals.After the restart, Thomas Dennerby threw on fresh legs with the likes of Anam Imo, Alice Ogebe, Ngozi Ebere and Chinaza Uchendu as they sort to turn around the game but unfortunately came up short.The Super Falcons finished third in Group C, with one win to their name and three points.They will take on Thailand in a mere classification game tomorrow at the Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium in Larnaca, Cyprus.Starting XI: Oluehi, Ikidi, Ebi, Ohale, Ogbonna, Chikwelu, Ayinde, Ihezuo, Okobi, Oshoala, Ordega.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram * Beaten 1-0 by Belgium in LarnacaNigeria will not contest the final and third place playoff at the Cyprus Women’s Cup after suffering a narrow 1-0 defeat to Belgium, their second of the group stage, at the Neo GSZ Stadium in Larnaca yesterday evening.The African champions played against a higher-ranked opponent in the FIFA Women’s ranking, with Belgium occupying the 21st position and the Super Falcons 39th.
For the most part, the teams that had NFL playoff clinching scenarios in play for Week 15 based on the current playoff picture are the same teams that had chances to earn postseason berths or division titles last week.The Ravens, for example, clinched a playoff berth last week and won the AFC North title with their victory over the Jets on Thursday, but they had more clinching scenarios in front of them Sunday, when they had opportunities to clinch a first-round bye in the playoffs based on other results. The Patriots, Bills, 49ers and Seahawks failed to clinch playoff berths last week despite the scenarios that were in play, but all four had chances again in Week 15. Bills win(UPDATE: The Bills clinched a playoff berth with their win over the Steelers on Sunday.)NFL playoff pictureAFCSeedTeamRecordClinched1.Baltimore Ravens12-2Division; playoff berth2.New England Patriots11-3Playoff berth3.Kansas City Chiefs10-4Division; playoff berth4.Houston Texans9-5-5.Buffalo Bills10-4Playoff berth6.Pittsburgh Steelers8-6-In the hunt: Titans (8-6), Colts (6-7), Browns (6-8), Raiders (6-8)NFCSeedTeamRecordClinched1.Seattle Seahawks11-3Playoff berth2.Green Bay Packers11-3Playoff berth3.New Orleans Saints10-3Division; playoff berth4.Dallas Cowboys7-7-5.San Francisco 49ers11-3Playoff berth6.Minnesota Vikings10-4-In the hunt: Rams (8-6), Eagles (7-7) MORE: Current NFL playoff pictureThe Packers, meanwhile, were presented their first chance to clinch a playoff berth this season, although their clinching scenario required some help from another NFC contender.Below are all the NFL playoff clinching scenarios for the six teams that had chances to stamp their postseason status in Week 15, followed by a complete playoff picture.NFL playoff clinching scenarios for Week 15Green Bay Packers (11-3)(vs. Bears)Packers clinch playoff berth with:Packers win AND Rams loss or tie ORPackers tie AND Rams loss(UPDATE: The Packers clinched a playoff berth with their win over the Bears and the Rams’ loss to the Cowboys on Sunday.)San Francisco 49ers (11-3)(vs. Falcons)49ers clinch playoff berth with:49ers win or tie ORRams loss or tie ORVikings loss AND Packers loss(UPDATE: The 49ers clinched a playoff berth with the Rams’ loss to the Cowboys on Sunday.)Seattle Seahawks (11-3)(at Panthers)Seahawks clinch playoff berth with:Seahawks win AND Rams loss or tie ORSeahawks win AND Vikings loss ORSeahawks win AND Packers loss AND Vikings tie ORSeahawks tie AND Rams loss(UPDATE: The Seahawks clinched a playoff berth with their win over the Panthers and the Rams’ loss to the Cowboys on Sunday.)Baltimore Ravens (12-2)(vs. Jets)Ravens clinch first-round bye in playoffs with:Ravens win AND Patriots loss ORRavens win AND Chiefs loss or tie ORRavens tie AND Chiefs lossRavens clinch AFC North title with:Ravens win or tie ORSteelers loss or tie(UPDATE: The Ravens clinched the AFC North with their win over the Jets on Thursday.)New England Patriots (11-3)(at Bengals)Patriots clinch playoff berth with:Patriots win or tie(UPDATE: The Patriots clinched a playoff berth with their win over the Bengals on Sunday.)Buffalo Bills (10-4)(at Steelers)Bills clinch playoff berth with:
Costa, 28, has been frozen out by Chelsea manager Antonio Conte and spent the transfer window angling for a return to former club Atletico that never materialised.Sports dailies Marca and Mundo Deportivo earlier said the two clubs had sealed a deal for the Brazil-born forward’s return to Spain until 2021.The deal was worth 60 million euros ($71.3m), according to AS, while Marca said Atletico will pay 55 million euros with a further 10 million euros in add-ons.Costa will not, however, find himself straight back in action, with Atletico officially banned from registering new players until January.Costa was not included in Chelsea’s 25-man squad for the Champions League group phase, ironically drawn in Group C along with Atletico. That ensured he would not become cup-tied and therefore remains free to play in the competition for another team in the second part of the season.Share on: WhatsApp Pages: 1 2 Madrid, Spain | AFP | Chelsea and Atletico Madrid announced Thursday that they had reached an initial agreement that would see Diego Costa return to the Spanish club.“Atletico de Madrid and Chelsea have reached an initial agreement for the transfer of Diego Costa,” the Spanish side said in a statement.“The agreement is pending the formalisation of the contract between our club and the Spanish international forward.“The English club has authorised Diego Costa to travel to Madrid in the coming days to undergo medical tests and settle his contract with our club.”Chelsea said they had “agreed terms with Atletico Madrid for the transfer of Diego Costa”.“The transfer will be subject to the agreement of personal terms and a medical.”
A feral cat that scratched two Disney employees has prompted health officials to issue a rabies alert around Epcot.According to a spokesman with the Florida Department of Health, lab results confirmed this week that the cat has rabies.The two employees who came into contact with the animal work as cast members. They received medical treatment, and did not contract the virus.Animal Control ended up euthanizing the cat.The alert, which starts at the intersection of Interstate 4 and Epcot Center Drive, and covers a two-mile radius, will remain in effect for 60 days.
(Tallahassee, FL) — A lawsuit being heard today that could speed up payments of unemployment benefits in Florida.Florida has been the slowest state in the nation at processing coronavirus-related unemployment claims, and it’s lagged behind much smaller states in simply getting money into the hands of its citizens.The state is being sued for problems with the website people use to file unemployment claims. Less than half of those who have applied for benefits have gotten paid. A judge in Tallahassee will hear arguments, virtually, today. Lawyers representing the plaintiffs hope a judge will order the state to pay benefits immediately to everyone who has yet to receive anything. Gov. Ron DeSantis said he will ask his office of inspector general to investigate the contract with the company that built Florida’s broken unemployment website seven years ago.DeSantis said he wants the inspector general, an office that was created in 1994 to provide internal oversight of state agencies, to investigate how the state spent $77.9 million on the website, CONNECT, and how the contract was amended numerous times.“There’s a lot of money that went in to this,” DeSantis said. “I think everything needs to be looked at, 100%.”The announcement of an investigation into a past administration was a rare rebuke of his predecessor, U.S. Sen. Rick Scott. The two Republicans have become political rivals, and Scott was quick to cast an eye on DeSantis’ chief of staff, Shane Strum, on Monday.Strum was chief of staff for former Gov. Charlie Crist when Deloitte Consulting was awarded the multimillion-dollar contract a few months before Scott took office. Scott oversaw the development and rollout of the site, which launched in 2013.DeSantis has continued to blame Florida’s unemployment crisis on the seven-year-old CONNECT, calling it a “jalopy” in past press conferences.On Monday, DeSantis said the system was so bad that the system would have been overwhelmed even in a slight recession.“If we had anything other than 3 or 4 percent unemployment, this would have been a problem,” DeSantis said. “So that’s not a good use of taxpayer money.”
On the March 27 edition of New Jersey 101.5’s ‘Ask the Governor’ program, where he regularly fields calls and messages from residents, the MCRP was brought up by host Eric Scott.Christie said he wants the BPU to go through their public hearing process first, so he can get a feel for what the people are saying.“Ultimately this is going to be a decision made by the Board of Public Utilities,” Christie said. “Can I have some influence on that? Sure, but I have not taken a position on this issue one way or the other yet, because I think the information is still being gathered and being brought in.”Christie added that he is briefed on the public hearings, and said that his office is “keeping an eye on things.”Citing pipelines and the Susquehanna-Roseland Reliability Project – a 150-mile long, 500 kV transmission line beginning in Salem Township, Pennsylvania and ending in the Borough of Roseland, New Jersey – the Governor said the state has tried to make energy more reliable in the post-Super Storm Sandy era.“Everybody objects to the pipelines or the powerlines – ‘I don’t want them’ – well how do you expect us to get the energy to be more reliable? These projects are about making these power delivery services tougher, stronger, more resistant to storm,” Christie said.“I understand that people don’t like it in their backyard, but they like the electricity in their house when they turn the switch,” Christie added. “It’s a balance, ever ybody.” By Jay Cook |MIDDLETOWN – To explain why it believes its proposed powerline project is necessary and would benefit Monmouth County, JCP&L officials point to a situation last August, when a mix of hot and stormy weather jeopardized power for thousands.Between Aug. 12 and 14, the Freneau Substation in Matawan experienced a chain of events that could have disrupted power to 65,000 Monmouth customers, Larre Hozempa, a FirstEnergy transmission operations manager, toldmembers of the media at an invitation-only information session Tuesday.With temperatures in the 90s and thunderstorms in the area, a dead end connector for a 230 kV transmission line at the Freneau substation in Matawan failed. That substation is served by the transmission line connecting the Atlantic substation in Colts Neck and the Raritan River substation in Sayreville.Complicating the issue, Hozempa said, was that two smaller 34.5 kV lines were not functional. One was out for a scheduled service, and the other had tripped, due to an overload of power. This left the potential open for a cascading outage.“You really don’t know what the situation is going to be – it’s kind of an uncontrolled event,” Hozempa said of the potential outage. “We’re not allowed to have those on our system.”He said approximately 10,000 customers experienced power disruptions at that time.This weather event occurred just days after JCP&L officially filed the Monmouth County Reliability Project (MCRP) petition to the Board of Public Utilities (BPU) on Aug. 9.Hozempa said if the project were in service, its 230 kV source coming into the Freneau substation would have mitigated the issue.As described in the petition to the BPU, the MCRP is a 230 kV transmission line which would span a nearly 10-mile stretch of the NJ Transit North Jersey Coast Line commuter rail right-of- way. It would begin at Aberdeen’s NJ Transit substation, travel through Hazlet and Holmdel, loop at the Taylor Lane substation in Middletown, and continue on before ending at the NJ Transit substation in Red Bank. The $111 million project also accounts for upgrades to the substations at Taylor Lane, Aberdeen and Red Bank.Utility officials also believe two previous events underscore the necessity for the project. Failures at the Oceanview substation in 2008 and at the Atlantic substation in 2010 resulted in a combined 350,000 customer outages.Scott Humphreys, a transmission siting supervisor for FirstEnergy, said the trio of events expose vulnerabilities for Monmouth County.He added that the MCRP is “reliability for Monmouth County, in Monmouth County, and solely for the residents of Monmouth County.”Ron Morano, a JCP&L spokesman, said these events will be used as rebuttal testimony for the next stage of the MCRP’s fate. Scheduled for six sessions between April 4 and 11, Administrative Law Judge Gail M. Cookson will be presiding over evidentiary hearings on the MCRP. All testimony regarding the case from the parties involved is pre-filed to Cookson, and the meat and potatoes of the hearings will be lawyers cross-examining witnesses.Residents Against Giant Electric (RAGE), the citizens group which has fought the project since its beginning in May 2016, are officially one of the many intervenors in the case, meaning they can provide witness testimony and object to the MCRP petition.RAGE has held steady in their disapproval of the project, stating they are concerned with the depreciation of home values, potential negative health effects and the possible diminished aesthetics to the five affected towns.“We don’t believe that the project is needed,” said RAGE spokesperson Judy Musa. “If there are issues to the power service to the area, there are experts that have suggested other ways to ameliorate those problems.”She said the group has hired experts who support their belief that the MCRP is unnecessary: photographer and graphic designer Michael Basch; electrical engineer Jeff Palermo; property valuation expert and founder of the Kislak Real Estate Institute Donald Moliver, PhD; and public health physician David Carpenter, MD.Carpenter spoke to concerned residents on July 20 at Raritan High School about the potential dangers from living near high voltage powerlines and electromagnetic radiation at an event coordinated between RAGE and Assemblywoman Amy Handlin of Middletown.RAGE is represented by attorney Peter Dickson of Potter & Dickson, based in Princeton.Musa said RAGE has spent $110,000 in legal fees, adding that “it’s not even close to what it’s going to cost us.”The list of other intervenors in the case, all against the MCRP, has grown in the past months. Among them are The Division of the Rate Counsel, which is ordered by statue to be an intervenor on the behalf of ratepayers; the boards of education in Middletown, Hazlet and Holmdel; and the “Joint Defense Group,” which consists of the Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders and the townships of Middletown, Hazlet, Holmdel and Aberdeen, according to Anthony Mercantante, Middletown’s township administrator. The Joint Defense Group is represented by Bevan, Mosca & Guiditta, PC, a firm based in Basking Ridge.Government officials from the municipal, county and state levels in the affected areas have spoken out on how the MCRP would be detrimental to Monmouth County. The most important voice, though, is Gov. Chris Christie, who recently commented after previously staying mum on the subject.
“Based on the data we received, it’s questionable if the cap was saving money. But you really don’t knowbecause of the add-ons.” But some local legislators believe that tactic only made the situation less transparent. William O. George, Middletown Township Public Schools superintendent, distributed a set of qualitative and quantitative district goals for the 2018-19 session. Quantitative goals included expense reduction and revenue generation, student growth objectives and personalized student learning initiatives. O’Scanlon was a “yes”vote in the Senate to lift thecap, where the bill passedby a 28-7 margin with fiveabstentions. A bill on Gov. Phil Murphy’s desk could lift the $191,584 cap on superintendent salaries first instituted in 2011 by former Gov. Chris Christie. “We were seeing a lot of qualified candidates going to New York and Pennsylvania, especially if they were already vested in New Jersey’s pension system. They can go out of state and make more money,” DiMaso said in a July 8 interview. “If you’re the superintendent of Jersey City overseeing 30 schools, compared to the superintendent of Brielle who has one, it’s not the same. And that’s a challenge of having one category of superintendent.” Qualitative goals included increased communication and transparency with community members, as well as a commitment to create a personalized learning environment for every student. State Assemblywoman Serena DiMaso (R-13) serves on the state education committee and said research the committee received depicted northern New Jersey school districts paying between $500 and $750 a day for interim superintendents, in addition to paying search firms to find and vet potential candidates to fill positions. One of those measures includes increased county superintendent powers to nix a contract if a superintendent’s compensation fails to align with districts in the region of a similar size and scope. Sen. Vin Gopal (D-11), who voted “no” in the senate, said those may be issues worth looking into, but lifting the salary cap at this time provides poor optics. “Districts have compensated in other ways,” state Sen. Declan O’Scanlon (R- 13) said, adding that additional perks like vehicle allowances, top-rate health benefits and merit bonuses are unseen and do not factor into base salary. “North Jersey may havetheir challenges, but liftingthe cap doesn’t send a greatmessage when schools areundergoing funding cuts. Idon’t buy the argument,”Gopal said. Though some state legislators fear lifting the cap could lead to mass renegotiations of superintendent contracts, new restrictions included in the bill aim to keep any potential negotiations in check. DiMaso noted that the school budgets will still be capped at an annual increase of 2 percent, and she urges residents to let their voices be heard. Of the 581 public school superintendents in New Jersey, George is one of 35 who earned a salary exceeding $200,000 this past school year, and is the third-highest paid public school superintendent in Monmouth County behind Long Branch City’s Michael Salvatore and Freehold Regional School District’s Charles Sampson. Under the amended law, bonuses for qualitative goals may not exceed 2.5 percent, while those earned for quantitative goals may not exceed 3.33 percent. Other notable regulations include limits on severance pay and restrictions on merit bonuses for qualitative and quantitative goals met. DiMaso, who was a “yes” in the Assembly vote, said the research also pointed to school principals standing pat rather than seeking an executive position, because it made more financial sense for them to stay in the principal role. The amended bill also intends to limit perks by prohibiting contracts from including provisions or reimbursements that would compensate superintendents for their legally mandated tax, health care, pension and life insurance payments. At the time, it was a measure taken to stem the rising tide of superintendent salaries and generous perks. The state Assembly voted to remove the cap 48-21 and sent it to Murphy for approval. If signed, the bill would deter the state Department of Education from establishing a maximum salary for superintendents, among other directives. Current law includes salary cap exemptions for superintendents of charter schools, districts with career and technical schools, institutes for special education students and those with special needs, as well as districts with enrollment exceeding 10,000 students. Gopal said another option would be to explore a salary system based on district size, which he noted the bill does not do. “If a taxpayer thinks a superintendent is being paid too much, they have an opportunity each year to vote in members of the board of education that will be able represent those concerns.”
Claire Rafferty says Chelsea Ladies’ desire to play possession football even when under pressure, coupled with an improved attacking threat, makes them a dangerous side.New signing Gemma Davison scored twice as the Blues opened their Women’s Super League campaign with an impressive 2-1 win over Notts County Ladies on Sunday.And England left-back Rafferty told West London Sport the eagerness to keep the ball and remain patient that was so evident is instilled in them by manager Emma Hayes and is also part of the club’s ethos.“We train like that every day so it’s not natural for us to go long even when we are under pressure,” she said.“Maybe sometimes we should go long a bit more to relieve the pressure, but that is not how Emma wants us to play. She wants us to play our way out and that is the mentality within the whole club.“Eni (Aluko) and Gemma are a real force, and Ji So-Yun as well, and we like to let them express themselves by keeping the ball. That allows them to wander and they can really do that and pose a threat.”Rafferty and her team-mates face another away game on Thursday, against Bristol Academy, and the defender said confidence would be high after beating a side they failed to beat in two meetings last season.“We are buzzing to get the first game out of the way,” Rafferty added.“We lost the league only on goal difference but did well to finish second and we have high expectations for this season. It was bit of relief to get the season off to that start we wanted.“It certainly points us in the right direction. Winning that first game felt really good.”You can read Claire Rafferty’s thoughts on the new season in her West London Sport column which will be a regular feature again this season.Chelsea Ladies play their first home FA Women’s Super League game of the season against Liverpool on Sunday 19 April at Wheatsheaf Park, Staines Town FC. Kick-off is at 2pm and tickets are currently available priced at £5 for adults and £3 for juniors/seniors.See also:Chelsea Ladies driven by near missRafferty like a new signing – HayesDavison scores two in Chelsea Ladies winChelsea Ladies proved grit – HayesChapman hails Chelsea Ladies signingsFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook