TCU rowing program strengthens after facing COVID-19 setbacks Kristen Clarkehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kristen-clarke/ Twitter Kristen Clarkehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kristen-clarke/ TCU vs Baylor soccer in Fort Worth, Texas on October 27, 2017. (Photo/Sharon Ellman) ReddIt Twitter Kristen Clarkehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kristen-clarke/ Kristen Clarke is a senior studying sports & broadcast journalism from Barrington, Illinois. She is a member of the TCU Cheerleading team. There’s a new Horned Frog in town Kristen Clarkehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/kristen-clarke/ Fish oil may protect athletes from concussions Linkedin Previous articleGreek GPA ranking shows many sororities out preforming fraternitiesNext articleRate My Professor site effects some students enrollment decisions Kristen Clarke RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Kristen Clarke TCU begins $2M renovation to surface of football practice field Former wide receiver launches clothing line on TCU’s Pro Day Facebook TCU baseball finds their biggest fan just by saying hello Linkedin ReddIt Website| + posts Facebook Another series win lands TCU Baseball in the top 5, earns Sikes conference award printFor the first time in program history, a TCU soccer player has been drafted into the National Women’s Soccer League. TCU defender Ryan Williams was selected 40th overall by the North Carolina Courage.“When they called my name it was completely unexpected,” Williams said. “I had no idea. I’m still in shock honestly, but I’m really excited.”Williams doesn’t know exactly what her plans are for the future, but she said playing professional soccer will be beneficial in the long run– even if it wouldn’t be the most lucrative.While the league doubled its minimum salary from $7,200 per season to $15,000 for the 2017 season, it’s still only $4,000 above the reported 2016 poverty line. Luckily, Williams says the next level isn’t about the salary.“It’s always been about soccer for me,” Williams said. “I just love it and I’m not ready to give it up yet.”Williams said she couldn’t have done it without the effort and support from her coaches.“My coaches sent out my highlight video to get me drafted,” Williams said. “Without them, I don’t think I would have made it this far.”Williams will continue to practice individually and with her teammates until the North Carolina Courage starts training camp Feb. 18.
The Skiff: Digital IssuesThe Skiff: Nov. 19, 2020By Alexandra Lang – November 19, 2020 1287 The Skiff Graduation Issue: April 22, 2021 A fox’s tail: the story of TCU’s campus foxes RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR ReddIt Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Facebook Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Alexandra Lang Facebook The Skiff: April 15, 2021 Life in Fort Worth Linkedin The Skiff: April 8, 2021 ReddIt Welcome TCU Class of 2025 + posts The Skiff: April 1, 2021 Alexandra Langhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/alexandra-lang/ Twitter Previous articleAdversity overcome: TCU legend Desmond Bane headed to Grizzlies via 30th pick of 2020 NBA DraftNext articleHoroscope: November 19, 2020 Alexandra Lang Linkedin printVol. 119, Issue 14: Early applications rise despite COVID-19Also: Carter Hosts adjust to changes brought on by COVID-19, minority students talk about electionsFailed to fetch Error: URL to the PDF file must be on exactly the same domain as the current web page. Click here for more info Twitter Alexandra Lang is a Journalism and Political Science double major from San Antonio, Texas. She has worked for TCU360 since her freshman year, and she is currently the Executive Editor of The Skiff.
Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar News News Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts MyanmarAsia – Pacific RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum to go further September 20, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 During one month of protests, military government steps up propaganda, censorship and violence against journalists RSF_en May 26, 2021 Find out more The use of violence and censorship against Burmese journalists trying to cover the protests that began a month ago is a “detestable strategy” aimed at preventing them from doing their job, Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association said today. It has been accompanied by an increase in propaganda in the state and privately-owned media controlled by the military government.The two organisations are aware of at least 24 serious violations of the freedom to report news and information since 19 August. Police, soldiers, members of the USDA (a pro-government militia) and government censors have been responsible for these violations.Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association call on the members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) to put pressure on the Burmese government to stop these serious abuses.Deprived of news from independent outlets, many Burmese listen to the Burmese-language services of international radio stations such as RFA, VOA, BBC and DVB and surreptitiously look at DVB TV’s weekly broadcasts.The government has meanwhile stepped up its propaganda in the media it controls. The protesters are portrayed as agitators bent on fomenting violence who have been mobilised by the opposition National League for Democracy and foreign governments. The pro-government media have also accused the foreign press of creating unrest.The censorship bureau has systematically rejected articles in which the protests against cost of living increases have been covered in an independent manner. Privately-owned media executives and editors have found themselves being ordered to publish articles favourable to the government and hostile to the internal and external “enemies.”No foreign journalist has obtained a visa to enter Burma since the start of the protests. The few foreign correspondents based in Rangoon work for the state-owned media of countries that support the military government. The Chinese news agency Xinhua, for example, has in the past month run only three dispatches on the protests, and they just gave the government’s version.Chronology of incidents:- 18 September: Three Burmese journalists covering a demonstration by monks in Rangoon were arrested and questioned by the police, and their equipment was taken. Two of them worked for Japanese media (Asahi TV and Kyoto News Agency). The third worked for The Voice Journal, a Burmese magazine. Only the Asahi TV reporter got his camera back, but without the memory card. Hla Htwe Aung told the Mizzima news agency it was hard to recover confiscated equipment as the police, soldiers and USDA militiamen were all in civilian dress.- 14 September: The front-page story in all the government newspapers was the military government’s generals taking offerings to several monasteries.- 12 September: The last telephone line at the Rangoon headquarters of Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy, was cut. The party’s leaders had often taken calls from the foreign press on the line.- 11 September: The service on the mobile phones of Agence France-Presse correspondent Hla Hla Htay and freelance journalist May Thingyan was cut. A few days later, the AFP management asked the authorities to restore the service.10 September: The telephones of 50 government opponents were disconnected to prevent them from talking to Burmese and foreign journalists.9 September: Members of the Directorate of Military Engineers moved into the governmental Office of Telecommunications on Bo Soon Pat Street in Rangoon. They put taps on the phone of around 50 prominent people, including opposition members Su Su Nway, Phyu Phyu Thinn, Htay Kywe, Hla Myo Naung and U Myint Thein.- 9 September: Privately-owned newspapers were forced to publish an official statement accusing Min Ko Naing and other Generation 88 activists of inciting a revolt.- 4 September: Love Journal (a privately-owned magazine run by Myat Khaing, who is known to have good relations with the information minister) published a long article headlined, “People who make mountains out of molehills using the petrol price rise.” Attacking the journalists covering the protests, it said: “Foreign news agency reporters are conspiring with the demonstrators to create instability in Burma.” – 3 September: Access to the video-sharing website YouTube was blocked. The country’s leading Internet Service Provider, which is controlled by the ministry of posts and telecommunications, gave no explanation for the ban. Another Burmese ISP, Bagan net, had already made YouTube inaccessible. The few videos of the protests to have emerged were shot by “citizen-journalists” who used video-sharing sites like YouTube to distribute them.- 28 August: A pro-NLD photojournalist, Win Saing, was arrested while trying to photograph NLD members making offerings to monks in Rangoon. He is reportedly still being held in Kyaik-ka-san detention centre.- 27 August: The press registration and surveillance department ordered news editors to restrict the publication of reports about consumer price hikes.- 27 August: The information minister, Gen. Kyaw San, told government media editors to be very careful about the kind of reports they disseminate.- 23 August: USDA members and police prevented journalists from getting near to a group of Rangoon street demonstrators. USDA thugs jostled and insulted journalists. A Reuters reporter was ordered not to take photos of arrests. Cameras were confiscated by police. – 22 August: Men in plain clothes manhandled an unidentified journalist as he was taking photos of public transport users waiting in line.- 20 August: The Rangoon military command banned journalists from taking photos of demonstrations and ordered that the cameras of those who disobeyed should be seized and destroyed.- 19 August: As soon as the first protests began, the Burmese correspondents of foreign news media reported being subjected to intimidation from plain-clothes police and USDA members. Circulating in army trucks and armed with spades and iron bars, they insulted and threatened journalists. Organisation MyanmarAsia – Pacific Follow the news on Myanmar May 31, 2021 Find out more US journalist held in Yangon prison notorious for torture May 12, 2021 Find out more News The military government has stepped censorship and arrests of journalists in response to a month-old wave of protests. A total of 24 press freedom violations have been registered since 19 August. Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association call on ASEAN member countries to pressure the Burmese government to put a stop to these serious abuses. News
September 7, 2020 Find out more Reporters Without Borders is alarmed by the increasingly systematic attacks on media personnel covering the tension in eastern Ukraine. The abduction of journalists is becoming more and more frequent in and around Sloviansk, the city controlled by the pro-Russian “People’s Republic of Donetsk,” while constant attacks on media and journalists throughout the region is exacerbating an intense information war. Reporters Without Borders appeals to all parties to immediately stop treating news providers as targets to be neutralized or controlled.Sloviansk, no-go zoneAccording to IMI, a Ukrainian NGO that is a Reporters Without Borders partner, pro-Russian militiamen have arrested 19 news providers in Sloviansk since 1 April and were still holding at least two of them this morning: the netizen Artem Deynega and Yuri Leliavski, a reporter for the Ukrainian TV station ZIK (Western Information Union). Leliavski, who is from the western city of Lviv, has been a hostage since 25 April. Deynega was abducted on 13 April after installing a camera on the balcony of his Sloviansk apartment.Reporters Without Borders is very concerned about Serhiy Shapoval, a journalist with the Volin’Post news website, who has been unreachable since 26 April. According to his sister, he said in his last phone call that he was in Sloviansk and “could not leave for the time being.”Novomedia journalist Ruslan Kukharchuk reported that he was arrested while photographing a column of militiamen on 27 April and was held overnight in one of the city’s police stations, while being interrogated with a bag over his head and a revolver against his temple.Meanwhile, there has been no news since 16 April of Sergei Lefter, a journalist who was arrested near Sloviansk while acting as member of an observation mission sent by the NGO Open Dialogue Foundation.“Designed to create a reserve of hostages and intimidate other journalists, these abductions are intolerable,” said Johann Bihr, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Eastern Europe and Central Asia desk.“Before our eyes, Sloviansk is turning into an increasingly unpredictable Bermuda Triangle where the safety of news providers is no longer guaranteed. Those capable of wielding any influence over the city’s self-proclaimed authorities must do everything in their power to get them to end these criminal actions at once.”Sloviansk’s self-proclaimed city administration has been insisting that journalists request accreditation since 26 April. After their passports and press ID have been checked, their previous reporting is researched. According to RIA-Novosti, the official Russian news agency, applicants must also produce a letter of recommendation from another journalist, preferably a Russian one, who is already accredited.Cases of European and US journalists being refused accreditation have already been reported, and several journalists have reported that this accreditation is now being demanded at the entrance to the city.Self-proclaimed mayor Viacheslav Ponomarev is quite open about the aim of the new accreditation procedure.“We are forced to resort to such measures because many journalists have been transmitting deliberately false and unverified information,” he told RIA Novosti. “We have all the data of the journalists and we can immediately follow what they write. If someone lies, we ask them to leave the city at once.”Russian media journalists arrested, deportedReporters Without Borders takes note that Stepan Chirich, a Belarusian journalist employed by Russia’s NTV, was placed under house arrest in a rented apartment on 26 April, two days after being arrested in the Dnepropetrovsk region while using glasses with an in-built video camera. Chirich, who says he went to Ukraine to do a report on exorcism, has been charged under article 359 of the penal code with “using special technical devices that allow information to be gathered secretly.” Reporters Without Borders calls on the judicial authorities to conduct an impartial investigation and to not punish Chirich’s use of a hidden camera disproportionately if it is established that he was not involved in any spying.Reporters Without Borders again condemns the expulsion of many Russian journalists. The latest victims include Julia Shustraya and Mikhail Pudovkin, two journalists with the Russian TV station LifeNews, who were arrested in Donetsk on 25 April and were escorted to the Russian border by the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) the same day.In mid-April, Ukraine imposed drastic restrictions on the entry of Russian males aged between 16 and 60.Airwaves war continuesA group of “People’s Republic of Donetsk” supporters stormed the headquarters of the regional public television service in Donetsk on 27 April and replaced its signal with that of the Russian TV station Rossya 24.Gunmen seized control of another television transmission centre in Donetsk yesterday and disconnected the digital retransmission of the Ukrainian national TV stations and the analogue signals of two national TV stations, UT-1 and 5 Kanal. In Kiev, activists attacked the headquarters of the Inter TV station yesterday, breaking doors and windows and releasing teargas inside the building. They initially went there to demand an end to the broadcasting of Russian TV series. They subsequently demonstrated outside ICTV headquarters with the same demand.Reporters Without Borders deplores the fact that the parties to the conflict in Ukraine are again fighting over TV stations and TV signal retransmission installations.Pro-Russian activists stormed the TV retransmission centre in Kramatorsk, near Sloviansk, on 18 April, terminating the transmission of Ukrainian channels and replacing them with Russian ones. This is a repetition of what took place in Crimea in March.(Photo : AFP / Genya Savilov) News to go further Organisation Ukraine escalates “information war” by banning three pro-Kremlin media UkraineEurope – Central Asia News UkraineEurope – Central Asia RSF_en Receive email alerts Crimean journalist “confesses” to spying for Ukraine on Russian TV News Help by sharing this information Follow the news on Ukraine February 26, 2021 Find out more April 29, 2014 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Reporters and media at centre of storm in eastern Ukraine March 26, 2021 Find out more News Ukrainian media group harassed by broadcasting authority
ITHACA, N.Y. — People shouldn’t have to go to a gallery or museum to be inspired by art, according to Ithaca Murals organizer Caleb Thomas. In Ithaca, they don’t have to. Over the past ten years the city has seen an explosion of public art, with more than 150 murals now brightening walls.For Thomas, the goal is not purely aesthetic. “One wall at a time we are having this artist takeover,” he said, “one wall at a time, it’s a cultural shift in our city’s identity.”Thomas began organizing murals in 2009, after working as part of a coalition to change the name of State Street to Martin Luther King Jr. Street. After the group secured a dual-designation for the street, Thomas was motivated to see how else grassroots efforts could shift the cultural cityscape.Listing city streets, parks and buildings – many named for rich, white men – Thomas said he wanted public spaces to represent the full community.The first mural Thomas helped organize, on Green Street, features Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass in a representation of the Underground Railroad by artist Jonathan Matas. “That was such a success it’s like, let’s do another!” Your Arts & Culture news is made possible with support from: Devon Magliozzi Tagged: Ithaca Murals, public art, street art, video Thomas has since worked with partners from City Hall to homeowners to find walls for artists to reimagine. With a focus on supporting artists of color, women, people with jail experience, and others who have been excluded from institutions like galleries and museums, Ithaca Murals has worked to transform the city’s cultural identity.Related:$300 mini-grants available for justice-themed murals in IthacaFour mural projects are currently underway, including one that puts environmental conservation front and center on the South Hill Recreation Way. Artist Nico Cathcart recently brought two endangered species to life on the fence near the trail’s Hudson Street access point, a short-eared owl and Karner Blue butterfly.Cathcart lives in Richmond, Virginia but has family in Ithaca, where she spent time while attending high school in Cortland.“To me, Ithaca was always hiking and being outdoors,” Cathcart said. She reached out to Thomas to find an wall to include in a series of nature-themed murals. “It’s kind of cool to watch Ithaca develop as an artistic community,” she said after touring the artwork marked on the Ithaca Murals map.The Ithaca Murals mission statement says the organization is “transforming gray walls into beautiful meaningful works of art that tell the stories of the diverse people who live here & what we care about.” With more than 20 projects lined up for the summer, Ithacans can expect to see lots of new stories on the city’s walls soon.Check out this video featuring the new mural on South Hill Recreation Way, by Kristi Gogos and Jacob Mroczek: Devon Magliozzi is a reporter for the Ithaca Voice. Questions? Story tips? Contact her at [email protected] or 607-391-0328. More by Devon Magliozzi
Harps come back to win in Waterford News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Works at St Brigid’s National School, Carndonagh given go ahead Facebook The Department of Education has given the go ahead for works to commence at St Brigid’s National School in Carndonagh.Under the Additional Accommodation Scheme, a new mainstream classroom with an ensuite toilet will replace the current prefab and support has also been secured for two new Special Education Teacher rooms.Chairman of the Board of Management at St Brigid’s National School Councillor Mickey Doherty says having missed out on funding for a number of years, today’s announcement is greatly welcomed:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/mickeydweb.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. WhatsApp Google+ Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction WhatsApp Pinterest Twitter Previous articleMatch tickets on sale at Finn Park this eveningNext articleDonegal Youth Service reaches Good Causes Awards final News Highland Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Google+ AudioHomepage BannerNews By News Highland – October 19, 2018 Twitter FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 DL Debate – 24/05/21
Slaven Vlasic/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Award-winning chef, writer and television personality Anthony Bourdain has died in an apparent suicide, according to CNN. He was 61. CNN confirmed his death in a statement Friday.“It is with extraordinary sadness we can confirm the death of our friend and colleague, Anthony Bourdain,” the network said. “His love of great adventure, new friends, fine food and drink and the remarkable stories of the world made him a unique storyteller. His talents never ceased to amaze us and we will miss him very much. Our thoughts and prayers are with his daughter and family at this incredibly difficult time.”Bourdain was the host of “Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown,” which has aired on CNN since its premiere in 2013. The travel and food series, which features cuisines and stories from around the world, has won several Emmy Awards as well as a 2013 Peabody Award, according to CNN. CNN reported that Bourdain was in France working on an upcoming episode for his show when he was found unresponsive in his hotel room Friday morning.Police in Strasbourg, France, where Bourdain was reportedly on location, told ABC News they “did not immediately have information about the death.” Born in New York City and raised in Leonia, New Jersey, Bourdain went on to graduate from the Culinary Institute of America in 1978 and pursue a career in cooking.In an interview with ABC News’ Rebecca Jarvis last year, Bourdain said that, when he was younger, he had a kind of “live hard, die young” attitude.“It came as sort of a rude surprise to me when I turned 30 and I was still alive,” he said. “I didn’t really have a plan after that.” Bourdain ran a number of restaurant kitchens in New York City. But he gained fame with his acclaimed nonfiction book in 2000, “Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly.”“Mine was not a particularly distinguished cooking career,” Bourdain told ABC News in the interview last year. “When ‘Kitchen Confidential’ was published, [it] was to my great surprise a success … I was determined not to screw this up.”Bourdain authored several other nonfiction books on the culinary industry as well as accounts of his world-travel and food adventures.Before “Parts Unknown,” Bourdain hosted a TV show called “A Cook’s Tour” on Food Network and then “Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations” as well as “The Layover” on the Travel Channel. During a 2015 interview with Wine Spectator, Bourdain was asked how he would like to be remembered.“Maybe that I grew up a little,” he told the magazine. “That I’m a dad, that I’m not a half-bad cook, that I can make a good coq au vin. That would be nice. And not such a bad bastard after all.”He leaves behind an 11-year-old daughter, Ariane Bourdain.Anyone in crisis, or who knows someone in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text Line by texting TALK to 741-741Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
An OUSU slate focusing primarily on mental health has been announced. The slate will be standing for election in 6th Week.‘BackJack’ is standing for election later this term on a shared belief that OUSU must engage and mobilise students across the University in order to implement wider change regarding students’ mental health. Its three executive members are Jack Hampton for President, Sandy Downs for Welfare & Equal Opportunities Officer, and Duncan Shepherd for Academic Affairs Officer.Hampton told Cherwell that mental health is “the most pressing issue among the student body”. He and Shepherd both agree that in their time as JCR Presidents (at St Catherine’s and Balliol respectively), “A lot of time in those positions was spent on issues involving students’ mental health”.Hampton said, “There were 13 different cases where mental health was an issue last year in meetings with college”, adding that during processes of rustication, “you’re often seeing people at the point of breaking and asking yourself: how is more not being done for these students?”The slate will argue that University policy works directly to the detriment of students’ mental health. Hampton told Cherwell, “I’ve seen instances where students have performed disappointingly in collections because of problems at home, for example, and have been met with increased workloads, increased stress, and a kind of punitive hit-them-while-they’re-down approach from the senior tutor.” Despite the University often justifying this approach because it “maintains academic standards”, the members of ‘BackJack’ it cannot, when it comes at the cost of students’ mental well-being.Shepherd told Cherwell that while “there is a lot of focus on getting people into Oxford, there needs to be more on keeping people here”. He added that although “the counselling service is great”, the allocation of central University resources is often inadequate, with “some colleges having lots of policy on mental health and others with barely any at all”. According to Hampton,“The problem is we don’t give parity to physical and mental health – why aren’t there counsellors on site in colleges, like there are doctors?”Hampton asserts that if he were elected he would “take these things to the University for change”, seeking an end to “punitive” in-term collections, “proper” discussion on reading weeks and term lengths and enforced standardised caps on workloads. BackJack will seek to mitigate the “negative elements of Oxford“ such as ‘5th Week blues’ and the problem of unfair workloads, which Shepherd emphasises “can be a huge issue for Joint Honours students, where departments often don’t talk to each other, leaving some students with four essays in the first week, and none in the two weeks following”.The slate also holds the view that OUSU is “disconnected from the large majority of students because of the collegiate system” and needs to reconnect with the network of JCRs, which “are already great bodies for student mobilisation. We aim to] bring an approach that would be looking at why things have happened – policies that demand structural change – and push that change through bottom-up pressure and JCR mobilisation.”Hampton, Shepherd and Downs all added, “Every student knows that Oxford has serious problems, but they’re only going to improve if we’re united and determined – we think we know how to do it. Please give us the chance.”
Powers previously held by the Oxfordshire County Council to enforce Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) in the private rented sector and Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) in commercial properties have now been delegated to the Council. This comes after Oxford was chosen by the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) as one of six pilot areas to enforce the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards that became law in April 2018. The decision came with a grant of £150,000 awarded in 2019. These standards require landlords to have an Energy Performance Certificate which measures and shows tenants the energy efficiency of a property. The certificate grades properties from A to G, with the lowest rating allowed being an E – properties with a rating of F or G cannot legally be rented out. The average energy efficiency rating in England and Wales is currently a D. Currently only 60% of Oxford’s approximately 20,000 privately rented homes have EPCs, representing a potential violation of current energy laws in 8,000 properties. In a press release, Cabinet Member for Leisure and Housing and Councillor Linda Smith said she was “delighted” by the delegation of powers, and that the move would help “work to reduce our carbon emissions and tackle the climate emergency.” Buildings currently represent 81% of Oxford’s total carbon emissions. Oxford City Council has taken on new powers to improve the energy efficiency standards of commercial and rental properties across the city. The power to enforce these standards, previously split between Oxfordshire County Council and Oxford City Council, will now be delegated to the City Council. Previously, the City Council had merely been informing businesses of their responsibility to comply with standards, with enforcement carried out by the County Council. Image attribution: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fowler_Ridge_Wind_Farm_2621902438.jpg
This is part of our Coronavirus Update series, in which Harvard specialists in epidemiology, infectious disease, economics, politics, and other disciplines offer insights into what the latest developments in the COVID-19 outbreak may bring.With stock markets plummeting despite the federal government’s recent steps to try to bolster the economy, worries that COVID-19 could do lasting economic damage are rising. The Gazette spoke with Harvard Business School’s Willy Shih, the Robert and Jane Cizik Professor of Management Practice, about lessons learned from China, which appears to have wrestled the epidemic there under control — reporting just a handful of new cases daily — and where people and companies are slowly getting back to work.Q&AWilly ShihGAZETTE: As the epidemic wanes in China and rises here, what are you seeing about COVID-19’s economic impact?SHIH: I think there will be a dawning realization that we are depriving an awful lot of people of income, especially contract employees, seasonal employees, restaurant employees, hotel, airlines, and stuff like that. We saw this happen in China. All these service employees, restaurants, hotels, airlines, entertainment venues, all those people didn’t have work and didn’t have the income to drive any consumption. That’s a huge problem. Also, in China a lot more businesses run on a cash basis. If they run out of cash, they go out of business or they don’t have the ability to stay open. For service businesses that’s a huge problem, but there are also small suppliers and supply chains for maybe third-, fourth-, fifth-tier suppliers. If small suppliers make a critical component and they go out of business, that’s a whole different set of problems and that eventually catches up to companies here. What’s ironic is that China is getting back to business and we go from the “supply shock” that we saw early in the pandemic — and which is still unfolding because of transportation delays — but as they sort out that supply shock, we run into the “demand shock” as the economy slows on our side and on the European side.GAZETTE: So China is starting to try to get back to work?SHIH: They are. Most of the big manufacturers are probably up to 80 percent or 90 percent. But anytime you stop a giant supply-chain machine with all these moving parts, getting everything going again and coordinated is difficult. When the factories started up, a lot of them were shorthanded, and then there was a shortage of truck drivers. If you think of how much material moves in and out of these factories all the time, sorting out all those transportation logistics — just getting enough truck drivers to get containers in the right place — is a challenge. Farther down the logistics chain, maybe 10 days ago, there was a big problem in the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach because there had been so many so-called “blank sailings” from Asia. Blank sailing is the industry euphemism for “Hey, we’re not going to run a ship on that line because we don’t have any cargo.” There was a decrease in ships coming into Los Angeles and Long Beach, so there was nobody to take the empty containers from prior trips back. So the empty containers were sitting there blocking export traffic. They didn’t have anywhere to put them. Finally, a couple of the big shipping lines sent some of their mega ships just to take the empties back. So you have this coordination problem, and everything is out of balance. In normal times, this really is a well-oiled machine. All these interlocking pieces all work together. When you stop everything and try to start it up again, they start at different rates, and everything is out of coordination until people can rebalance everything. “When you buy the five-year supply [of toilet paper], that hurts people who don’t have a lot of income and run their lives on a cash basis. They buy small quantities when they need it. It’s the well-to-do who can go to Costco and buy a pallet load of toilet paper.” Related ‘Worry about 4 weeks from now,’ epidemiologist warns GAZETTE: Is it more difficult if everyone’s not at the same place in the cycle? We’re still shutting down.SHIH: We’re still shutting down, and we’ll probably see more shutdowns. U.S. factories that relied on Asia for components are getting their last shipments about now, as they work through the distribution centers. At some point, they’re going to run out of inventory, and then there’ll be a lot of supply surprises because you only need to be short one part to shut down an auto assembly line. Meanwhile you’ll also see demand collapsing, with so many contract workers and gig employees suddenly losing their income. That takes a lot of purchasing power out of the economy and starts hitting demand — unless you’re talking about toilet paper.GAZETTE: I want to ask you about toilet paper because, like many people, I’ve been wondering why everyone is hoarding toilet paper.SHIH: I wrote this piece in Forbes about COVID-19, shortage gaming, and the toilet-paper supply chain. Demand for toilet paper is flat. It’s not as if there’s seasonal demand for toilet paper. Therefore, if you’re a manufacturer, what you do is optimize your supply chain for stable demand. So then there’s this panic. Fear is driving it and that creates shortages, which creates even more fear. People are saying, “I’m going to be stuck for two weeks, four weeks.” But you don’t need a five-year supply. When you buy the five-year supply, that hurts people who don’t have a lot of income and run their lives on a cash basis. They buy small quantities when they need it. It’s the well-to-do who can go to Costco and buy a pallet load of toilet paper.GAZETTE: When we talk about fear, we’re seeing rising concern about the economy, with the S&P 500 and the Dow closing down about 12 percent Monday. How much of this is fear versus an understanding of what is going to be a certain amount of economic disruption? To what extent is this a reasonable reaction to what’s going on?SHIH: It’s hard to give a precise answer. Obviously, it’s a combination. For example, if you look at Harvard University and many other universities, there’s what I think of as a very considered response. We haven’t had the national leadership in terms of getting out ahead of this, when we had four weeks of warning. But you see a lot of institutions saying, “OK, we have to try not to overload the health care system, so let’s make everybody work from home. Let’s enhance this social distancing.” So closing down the NBA and theaters and things like that enhance social distancing, and that will help us spread out the contagion so that the health care system can handle it. Amazon and Microsoft and Google and large employers instituted work from home pretty early. That necessarily will have economic impact, and I think everybody understands that, but the No. 1 thing we have to avoid as a country is having a health care system that is forced to make choices about who it can save and who it can’t save.GAZETTE: Has anyone thought about how many small businesses may not have the cushion to weather the storm? Bankruptcies are going to occur because of this. Has anybody put a number on that?SHIH: I haven’t seen it. I know there are people in Washington who are worried about it. We already saw this in China. This is going to be a problem here, with restaurants, all kinds of small businesses, small shops, and so on. If you have no revenue coming in and you have to cover your expenses, that’s a problem. A lot of firms will feel compelled to conserve cash by laying off people. The airlines have a huge dilemma now. American is parking their entire widebody fleet. Companies like that are trying to preserve cash and employment, payroll, is a big part of it. But if you put them on furlough, there’s a percentage of the American public that doesn’t have even a small cushion to make it through an emergency. That’s something we really have to worry about. This is going to be a tough time. It’s the cash problem I’m worried about right now.GAZETTE: You started to mention small businesses in China. Do we know what the impact has been?SHIH: I have to rely on reports coming out of there because there isn’t much travel back and forth, but you see a lot of reports about restaurants, small vendors, just out of cash right now. I was talking to a student about a family business that has a factory in China. We were talking about cash accounting and he said, “You know, I go to them and they don’t have a lot of details on all their costs.” I said, “Well, a lot of these businesses look at how much cash comes in every month and how much cash goes out. And, as long as the cash in is more than the cash out, then I’m OK.” But when you have these dramatic cuts in cash in, especially the small shops, the restaurants and things like that, I think it’s a gigantic problem over there.GAZETTE: Are there any lessons that we can apply here?SHIH: There was a lot of criticism about how China suppressed the early reports and wasted some critical weeks early on. You could say we did the same thing in this country in different ways. From an economic standpoint, I think one of the things that companies are going to need to do is think about supply-chain diversity and supplier risk. If you think about how global supply chains are structured right now, we think about lean manufacturing and really not having a lot of inventory on hand, because inventory costs you money. There’s always the assumption that logistics are efficient, and I can move all this stuff around when I need it. “If you think having a lot of risk in China is bad, it’s really hard to diversify away from that, because China is such a large source and has such an efficient manufacturing system.” GAZETTE:: But aren’t there people out there who view these kinds of events as simply rare and unpredictable?SHIH: People talk about “black swan” events, that are not supposed to happen very often. But if you look at the last decade, we had the 2008‒2009 downturn. We had the earthquake and tsunami in Japan; we had the flooding in Thailand; we had the trade war with China. I don’t know that black swan is the right name because they occur more often than we would assume. I would argue that the risk of those black swan events has not been priced into people’s cost assumptions. People tend to ignore it right now. We should understand our supplier network a little bit better. Most companies have difficulty understanding who is deep in their supply chain. So, for example, I know who my first-tier suppliers are; they are the ones who supply me directly. But those suppliers have their own suppliers, and those suppliers have what to me are my third-tier suppliers. And it’ll cascade down. Most companies don’t know who their suppliers are beyond the second tier. So you end up with something happening to a third- or fourth-tier supplier that shuts you down. What we should learn from this is to understand our supply chain and then ask whether we should be diversifying our risk a little bit more. But I predict once this blows over we’ll go back to how things were, because, frankly, if you want to diversify, it’s going to be more expensive. If you think having a lot of risk in China is bad, it’s really hard to diversify away from that, because China is such a large source and has such an efficient manufacturing system. Coronavirus likely to infect the global economy Harvard’s Lipsitch urges public to ramp up social distancing, increase coronavirus tests GAZETTE: What about lessons for individuals, those who might be laid off?SHIH: In China, we did see companies lending employees to others. We’re going to have a lot of people without work. In China, you saw a lot of people ended up taking delivery jobs because delivery rose, all of a sudden. I think there will be other surprises. Harvard has gone online, so we’ll probably find that online education really evolves a lot. I wrote a case a number of years ago, after the east Japan earthquake and tsunami. There was a Sony factory in that area that was the sole supplier of SRW format digital videotape, which all the Hollywood studios used for their mastering. So there was a shortage of SRW tape, and the studios said, “We have to go to the archives and erase some of this tape so we can use it.” But that drove the technology to so-called “file-based mastering.” It’s like they said, “Wait a minute. I don’t need to store it on tape. I’ll just store it on a disk drive.” And that that was one of the things that helped the transition to digital cinema. So we’re going to see a lot of things like that. Already, in the Seattle area, more people are getting comfortable with online delivery of groceries, especially older people who don’t tend to do that. They think, “I guess I’ll try it,” and find out, “Hey, this isn’t so bad.” We’ll see a bunch of those.GAZETTE: What do they say? Necessity is the mother of invention?SHIH: Or something a contact at the Gates Foundation said, “Never waste a good crisis.” Use this crisis to drive different forms of behavior. I think we’ll find some surprising things.GAZETTE: What are you looking for in the next days and weeks that are potentially important indicators of the impact of COVID-19 on the economy?SHIH: The critical thing will be once the infection rates stop this exponential climb. Everybody’s looking for that, the inflection point in the curve. That’ll tell us when we can start planning for the recovery. Until that point, I worry that the economic damage is going to be quite significant. Like I said earlier, we had the supply shock, and it’s getting sorted out. We’ll have this wave of catch-up supply arriving on our shores just in time to meet this demand shock. Getting those things back in sync is going to take a while. It’s not going to be something that we’re done with by June. It’s going to take longer than that. A lot of the airlines have reduced their flights through the summer, peak travel season. So that tells me that there are a lot of people who realize getting back to business as usual is going to take some time. We’ve got a tough slog ahead. Business School’s Shih expects disruptions for nations trading with China and for manufacturers dependent on it for components for electronics, consumer products, and pharmaceuticals The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news.